18-08-2007, 04:32 PM
asallam ulaikum i wanted to know what happens on shab-e-raat. i have been asking people what happens but one person says something else and another says something else please help me i am confused.:)
18-08-2007, 04:41 PM
By Shaikh M. Ibrahim Memon
Allah , out of His infinite mercy, has created varying seasons throughout the year for people’s benefit. Similarly, Allah has also assigned different seasons for particular ibadah. These are special times designated by Allah for increased Ibadah.
Of course, a Mu’min is expected to be performing Ibadah continuously throughout his or her life, but these special opportunities exist so that every believer may get a chance to attain closeness to Allah and earn manifold rewards.
One of these blessed opportunities is the month of Shabaan. It is reported in authentic hadith that Rasulullah used to particularly increase his Ibadah in this month. It is recorded in Sahih al Bukhari :
Aishah radhiallahu anhaa narrates: The Blessed Prophet fasted for so long [so many days] we thought he would never break his fast. Then he would do iftar (for so many days) we thought he will never fast. I have never seen the Blessed Prophet fast for a whole month besides the month of Ramadan and keep more fasts [outside of Ramadan] than in the month of Shabaan. (Reported in Bukhari, Muslim, Nisai, Abu Dawood)
Usamah bin Zaid narrates that I said:
Oh Blessed Prophet ! I do not see you fasting any month more than the month of Shabaan. The Blessed Prophet replied:
People are ignorant of it, being between the months of Rajab and Ramadan. All deeds are raised towards Rabb ul Alameen in that month. Thus, I wish that my deeds are raised when I am fasting. (Reported in Nisai, Musnad Ahmad)
Aisha radhiallahu anhaa narrates that I never saw the Blessed Prophet fast in any month more than the month of Shabaan. He used to fast the whole month except for some days; in fact, he used to fast the whole month (of Shabaan). (Reported in Nisai, Abu Dawood, Musnad Ahmad)
Abu Huraira relates that Aisha radhiallahu anhaa narrated to them the hadith that the Blessed Prophet fasted the whole month of Shabaan. She said: I asked the Blessed Prophet : Oh Blessed Prophet , is Shabaan your most favorite month to fast? He replied: Allah assigns the year of death for each person (in the month of Shabaan), thus, I wish my death come when I am fasting. (The chain of narration is ranked “Hasan” in al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb and is also related in Musnad Abu Yala)
The following things are very clear from the several ahaadith above:
1. The month of Shabaan is a very important month and Shari’ah encourages us to perform optional Ibadah during this month
2. Rasulullah used to fast most of the month of Shabaan
3. In this month, all of the people’s deeds are presented to Allah
4. Rasulullah disliked for the people to neglect the importance of the month of Shabaan
5. In Shabaan, the list of all the people that are suppose to die in that year are handed over to the angels.
In addition to all of these virtues, there is particular emphasis for the 15th of Shabaan which is called Laylatul Bara’a. Although some people deny the importance of the 15th night of Shabaan; there are authentic ahaadith which clearly indicate its importance.
The following few hadith have been presented with scholarly critique in order to illustrate the special virtues of this night so people are not deprived of a great opportunity of Ibadah through which they can attain more nearness to Allah .
It is related by Muaz bin Jabbal that the Blessed Prophet said: Allah looks over at his creation on the fifteenth night of Shabaan and forgives everyone but for two people: a polytheist and one who holds a grudge against people.
Imam Ibn Hibban has narrated this hadith in his Sahih, Imam Bayhaqi in his Shua’bal Imaan, Imam Tabarani in Al Mu’jam al Kabeer, & Abu Nu’aym in Al Hulya. Imam Haithami has also narrated this hadith in his Majmu’al Zawaid and after narrating it, he has commented that all of the people in the chain of narrators of the above hadith are trustworthy and this hadith is authentic.
This hadith is also narrated by Imam Mundhari in Al Targheeb wal Tarheeb, Imam Suyuti in Durrul Manthoor, & the late Shaykh Albani has also narrated this hadith in his Silsilah Sahiha (a book in which he has narrated only authentic hadith according to him.)
It is related by Abu Thalaba that the Blessed Prophet said: On the 15th night of Shabaan, Allah looks over at his creation and forgives all the believers except for the one who begrudges and hates. He leaves them in their enmity.
This hadith is narrated by Bayhaqi (raheemullah) in Shubal Imaan, Hafiz Ibn Abi Asim in Kitabus Sunnah, Imam Suyuti in Durrel Manthoor, and Shaykh Albani confirms its authenticity by narrating it in his Silsilah Sahiha.
Sayyidina Abdullah bin Amar has narrated that Rasulullah has said, “Allah on the 15th night of Shabaan looks at the people and He forgives all believers except for two kinds of people: 1) Someone who holds a grudge against others and 2) someone who has taken an innocent life.
This hadith is narrated by Imam Mundhiri in Al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb, Imam Ahmad in his Musnad, and Hafiz Al Haithami in Majmual Zawaid. Shaykh Albani has narrated this hadith in his Silsilah Sahiha and after a lengthy discussion regarding its chain of narrators; he concludes that this hadith is Hassan.
In addition to the above, we find most of the great scholars have confirmed the importance and the virtue of the 15th night of Sha’ban. Following are some quotations.
1) Sheikh Mansoor Bahoti Hanbali says in his well known book of Hanbali fiqh Kash-shaful Qina, Vol1:444
As for the 15th night of Shabaan, it is a night of virtue. Some of the salaf prayed the whole night, although establishing congregational prayers (on this night) is bida’t (an innovation). And the reward of ibadah on the 15th night of Shabaan is the same as the reward of ibadah on the night of E’id.
Powered by vBulletin® Version 4.2.0 Copyright © 2013 vBulletin Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.