29-03-2007, 11:58 AM
I suppose I can say that he is one of me Shaykhs but I will be modest and let everyone enjoy and share!
:cheesygri :lol: :cheesygri
A BIOGRAPHY of IMAM-I- AHMAD RABBANI
This part is a translation from the book Manaqib wa Maqamat-i-Ahmadiyya-i-Saidiyya, written by Muhammad Mazhar 'quddisa sirruh', a son of Ahmad Said Faruqi 'quddisa sirruh':
Ahmad-i-Faruqi Sarhandi 'quddisa sirruh', an acme for arifs, a guide for owners of haqiqat, a paragon for the Awliya-i-kiram, a darling of Allahu ta'ala, the revitalizer and illuminator of the second thousand (Islamic) years, a qibla for the hearts of those who advance in the way leading towards Allahu ta'ala, a peerless link in the Silsila-i-Zeheb, was fathered by Abd-ul-ahad. And this noble person, in his turn, was fathered by Zaynalabidin, whose father was Abd-ul-hayy, whose father was Muhammad, whose father was Habibullah, whose father was Rafiuddin, whose father was Khawaja Nur, whose father was Nasir-ud-din, whose father was Sulaiman, whose father was Yusuf, whose father was Shu'ayb, whose father was Ahmad, whose father was Yusuf, whose father was Shihab-ud-din (better known with the name Ferruh Shah), whose father was Nasir-ad-din, whose father was Mahmud, whose father was Sulaiman, whose father was Masud, whose father was Abdullah Wa'iz-i-esghar, whose father was Abdullah Wa'iz-i-Akbar, whose father was Nasir, whose father was Abdullah ibni 'Umar, and whose father, finally, was hadrat 'Umar ul-Faruq 'radi-allahu anhum ajmain'.
Each and every one of Imam-i-Rabbani's 'quddisa sirruh' fathers and grandfathers possessed 'ilm and ikhlas and was at the same time one of the Shaikhs and notables of his own time. All of them were extremely venerable persons and were among the Awliya-i-kiram.
Great Walis such as Mawlana Ahmad Namiqi Jami and Halilullah-i-Badahshi had foretold the advent of Imam-i-Rabbani 'quddisa sirruh'. In fact, our master, the Messenger of Allah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' had given the good news that he would come. The hadith ash-Sharif expressing this good news is written in the book Jam'ul jawami', by Imam-i-Suyuti, who quotes it from Ibni Masud Abd-ur-Rahman ibni Yazid, and who quotes it from hadrat Jabir 'radi-allahu anhum'. The hadith ash-Sharif purports: "From among my Ummat (Muslims), someone called Sila will appear. Many, many people will enter Paradise through his shafaat (intercession)." 'Sila' means 'conjoiner', 'uniter', 'unifier'. Later, he was called so on account of his unifying two branches of knowledge, i.e. Tasawwuf and Fiqh. Scholars contemporary with him addressed him with this nickname. As a matter of fact, in a letter he wrote to his son Muhammad Mathum 'quddisa sirruh', he says, "I pay my hamd (thanks, laud and praise) to my Rabb (Allahu ta'ala), who has made me a sila between two oceans."
He honored the world with his presence in the Hijri lunar year 971, and passed away on the twenty-ninth, Tuesday, of the month of Safar in 1034 [A.D. 1624]. He was only a child when lights of maturity, wilayat and hidayat shone on his blessed, pure forehead. As a small child he was honored with fruitful inspirations to the heart from Shah Kamal Kihtali-yi-Qadiri 'rahmatullahi alaih', who coincidingly inspired into him the nisbat-i- Qadariyya.
It took him only a short time to memorize the Qur'an al-karim. Then, acquiring knowledge from his father and from the time's greatest scholars, he became a great scholar. He derived great benefit from his father and attained marifats of Tawhid in his presence. He received the ijazat (certificate) of Irshad (guiding disciples in the way of Tasawwuf) in the paths of Cheshtiyya and Qadariyya. He became a substitute for his father. When he was seventeen years old he became a master in Zahiri and batini (pertaining to heart) knowledge. He began to publish his knowledge and educate disciples in the two great branches. He would read books written by great leaders of Naqshbendiyya order with great enthusiasm and looked forward to meeting one of the superiors of this order. He kept this yearning and zeal in his heart till he eventually attained the matchless sohbat and company of Khwaja Muhammad Baki 'quddisa sirruh', one of the greatest leaders of this order, an owner of irshad (guidance) and hidayat (guidance to and attainment of the right way), a corroborator of Islam, an owner of haqiqats.
Having attained this blessed company, which draws one towards Allahu ta'ala and lifts one up to very high ranks, he joined the order of these great people. Holding fast to their services and strictly observing the adab (subtle standards) of sohbat, he attained nisbat-i- Naqshbandi in two months plus a few days. Showers of knowledge and marifat, like April rain, began to pour into his blessed heart. His master, Khwaja Baki-billah 'qaddas- Allahu sirrahul'aziz' frequently said about him, "Ahmad is one of the Murads and Mahbubs." This was the reason for his rapid progress. He became like a sun illuminating the whole world. His master gave him the good news that he had attained very high ranks and would be able to make others attain these ranks, that he was very close to Allahu ta'ala, and said, "On my way back to India after having received my ijazat from my master Emkenghi 'quddisa sirruh', I came to the city of Serhend where you were. I had a dream, wherein they told me I was in the vicinity of a qutb (a person who occupies the highest rank) and showed a vision of that high person. You are that high person (whose vision I saw in my dream). It was during another of my travels through Serhend when I saw a torch extending up to heavens and illuminating the whole world from the farthest east to the remotest points in the west. I beheld that the light coming from the torch became brighter and brighter and crowds of people lit their own candles from the torch. I know this dream as good news, a harbinger of your coming to the world."
As Khwaja Baki-billah 'quddisa sirruh' sent Imam-i-Rabbani 'qaddas-Allahu sirrahul 'aziz' with ijazat-i-mutlaq (full authorization) to the city of Serhend, he withdrew from his own position and trusted the business of educating and training his disciples, including his sons, to him, and said, "Ahmad is a sun outshining thousands of stars like us. There have been only one or two like him in this Ummat. And today there is next to no one like him under the celestial dome. I look on myself as one of his satellites [pupils]. All his marifats are correct and approved by Prophets 'alaihimus-salam'." In fact, his master as well as his disciples would attend his sohbat in order to receive fayd and nur from him.
Having attained high grades and unequalled ranks, Imam-i-Rabbani came to Serhend and set about educating people who yearned for attaining love of Allahu ta'ala. Echoes of guidance spread throughout the world. Calls of hidayat inspired spring weather into hearts, producing many a renovation and green foliage. The drum of Qutb-ul-aqtab was beaten in his name. A mere compliment received from him would suffice for one to attain high grades of Wilayat. Abdals and Awtads ran for his company. His lights of Wilayat, his barakats of karamat are too occult to express in words or writing.
People who were stranded in the desert of aberration and bewilderment attained hidayat in his sohbat. People who were about to drown in the sea of remoteness reached the shore of closeness through his favor. Pursuers of haqiqat and marifat crowded around him like ants. Sultans, commanders, governors shone with the light emanating from this source of Hidayat. The fayd pouring like April rain on the disciples in his presence was an object of envy for angels in the seven skies. Upon hearing about his greatness and karamats, learned and eminent people far and near hastened to rub their faces on his threshold, which radiated Wilayat. Owing to his fruitful tawajjuh and attention, which attracted one towards Allahu ta'ala, they attained spiritual peace and nur and tawhid without any mushahada or effort, without taking pains. Without having to dive into the sea of Wahdat, it became possible for them to disappear into the ocean of Ahadiyyat without any toil. Slightest care on his part would result in the mushahada of Wahdat in the kathrat, jazbas (raptures) of love and marifats of heart. The nisbat (order) of Ahrariyya became strong again, so that it spread throughout the world owing to his fruitful efforts. Other nisbats beyond the already known suluk and jazba were discovered. Self-abnegations, such as fasting without making iftar (eating at the time of breaking fast), subjecting oneself to mortifications for forty days, doing without food and drink, keeping away from people, methods commonly used by people preceding him, were no longer things to be aspired after for people matured in his company. These arduous methods left their places to moderation such as being temperate in worships and observing the Sunnat strictly in prayers and deeds. Perfections that would normally cost years' mortifications would be attained in a moment owing to his barakat and tawajjuh. His blessed person 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih' became a great gift from Allahu ta'ala and a representative of His Messenger 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam'. He was entrusted with the duty of guidance and leadership of unending paths. He became the mujaddid of the second thousand years. Thus, any sort of fayd and barakat coming to anyone till the end of the world will be coming through him. With his quite new teachings, unheard - of marifats, secrets that had never been revealed by anyone before him, and extraordinary kashfs which no one else had attained, he started a new trend; this fact is as obvious as the sun.
At the beginning of every hundred years a Mujaddid (person to reconsolidate, to restore Islam) will come. However, there is a great difference between mujaddids coming every hundred years and those who come every thousand years. Difference between these two kinds of mujaddids is equal to and even more than the difference between a hundred and a thousand.
Mujaddid is the person who serves as the medium for all sorts of fayd and barakat coming to people in his time. Even those lucky people called Qutb, Awtad, Budala and Nujaba 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala asrarahum-ul-'aziz' receive their fayd through him.
The time of Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani 'quddisa sirruh' can be described as follows: During the earlier dispensations, whenever an Ummat degenerated and the earth was covered with zulmat, a new great Prophet called Ulul'azm would come and a new religion would be revealed to him. The most useful Ummat is the Ummat of Muhammad 'alaihis-salam'. And the Prophet of this Ummat is the finality of all Prophets 'alaihim-us-salawatu wattaslimat'. Scholars among this Ummat are like the Prophets of Bani Israil (Children of Israel). This fact is stated in a hadith ash-Sharif. It was decided (by Allahu ta'ala) that existence of scholars in this Ummat would be sufficient (for Muslims). Therefore, one thousand years after our master the Prophet 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam', a noble person with perfect marifat, knowledge and wisdom would be necessary to take the place of one of the past Prophets called Ulul'azm. For the latest period of the Muslim dispensation would begin one thousand years after our master the Prophet's 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' death. Elapse of one thousand years is a matter of paramount importance and it is a major factor in the changing of situations. Since there would not be any change in this Ummat and in this religion, it would, beyond doubt, be necessary that the standard of spirituality and the firmness of guidance possessed by the earlier Muslims be reinstated in the later generations. Thus, Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani's 'quddisa sirruh' blessed person was equipped with all the perfections peculiar to prophethood and messengership and distinguished from others. People who observe his astoundingly unusual information, his marifats pertaining to the Zat-i-ilahi (Person of Allahu ta'ala), his purely beautiful moral quality and his oral and written statements describing hals, mawajids, tajallis and zuhurs, will see this fact well. For these things are the essentials of the Islamic religion and make up an epitome of the teachings pertaining to Allahu ta'ala, His Person and Attributes. Innumerous secrets and meanings, the haqiqat (the essence, the real inner meaning) of Kaba al-muazzama, the haqiqat of Qur'an al-karim, the haqiqat) of namaz, mabudiyyat-i- sirfa, degrees of muhabbat (love) called hillat, muhibbiyyat and mahbubiyyat, the grades termed ta'ayyun-i-wujudi, ta'ayyun-i-hubbee, la-ta'ayyun, the zuhur (manifestation) of properties called mabda-i-ta'ayyun in creatures, mabda-i-ta'ayyyuns belonging to Prophets and angels, to which of the Divine Attributes or Names the idiosyncratic talents of each of his disciples were related, to what Prophet each of the Awliya was related as a result of natural identity (mashrab), e.g. Muhammadi-ul-mashrab, Ibrahim-ul-mashrab, etc., their own wilayat related to muhibbiyyat and mahbubiyyat-i-zatiyya, their inner natures and peculiarities, the haqiqat of being a qayyum, secrets of sabahat and malahat and combination of these two graces, and many other secrets and meanings were bestowed on him by Allahu ta'ala. None of the Awliya 'rah-matullahi ta'ala alaihim ajmain' had mentioned these values. A summary of these values is written in his three books titled Maktubat and in his other seven pamphlets.
The Imam 'quddisa sirruh' had innumerous kashfs and karamats. We will write a few of them in order to become blessed:
1- One of the Imam's disciples wrote a letter to him, asking, "Did the Ashab al-kiram attain these ranks which you have been telling about? If so, did it occur at once or gradually?" The Imam said that a question of this sort could be answered only in a sohbat (by being together). The questioner visited him for his sohbat. The imam made tawajjuh to him (turned his attention towards him), bestowing on him all the nisbats he possessed, and said, "What did you see?" Upon this the person threw himself down to hadrat Imam's feet and said, "Now I know that the Ashab al-kiram 'alaihim-ur-ridwan' attained all the ranks of wilayat with only one sohbat with Rasulullah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam'."
2- Mawlana Yusuf was ill. It seemed that he was to die soon. Imam-i-Rabbani visited him. Mawlana Yusuf requested tawajjuh and himmat. So the Imam 'quddisa sirruh' went in muraqaba (contemplation, profound meditation) and made him attain the grades of Fana and Baqa. Upon this, the latter, badly ill as he was, informed with the realized improvements taking place in his heart. As soon as his progress reached its zenith he attained Allahu ta'ala (passed away).
3- Some of the Imam's disciples expressed their wish to visit the Ghaws-ul-azam Abd-ul- qadir-i-Geilani 'quddisa sirruh'. The Imam remained silent and made tawajjuh towards the soul of the Ghaws-ul-azam 'radi-allahu anhuma'. Hadrat Abd-ul-qadir-i-Geilani's blessed soul appeared and he and some of his senior disciples honored the place with their presence. Those disciples of the Imam's who were present at the place visited the guests and received fayd from them.
4- Someone suffering from leprosy begged the Imam to pray for the restoration of his health. When the Imam made tawajjuh the person regained his health completely.
5- A hafid whose duty was to recite Qur'an al-karim in the circle became badly ill. Everybody was hopeless. Imam-i-Rabbani said, "I have admitted him under my protection." The person recovered immediately.
6- He was on a safar (voyage, travel). The weather was unbearably hot and heavy. Exhausted, his companions and disciples begged him to intercede for mercy. The Imam 'quddisa sirruh' trusted himself to Allahu ta'ala. Presently, a cloud appeared and poured some light rain. It was no longer hot. Nor was there any dust left.
7- Some of his adherents found a Hindu idol temple empty at a remote place and broke the idols. They had hardly finished doing this when they found themselves surrounded by fully armed idolaters awaiting them with their swords drawn. The adherents sought asylum with the Imam, begging him for help. Imam-i-Rabbani 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala sirrah-ul-'aziz' appeared at the place and said, "Don't worry! You will soon be receiving help from the unknown." A number of horsemen came into sight and protected the beloved born servants from the unbelievers.
8- One of his disciples met a lion in the country. There was no place to shelter. He sought asylum with the Imam and begged for help. The Imam appeared with a walking stick in his hand and hit the fierce animal hard. The lion ran away and the disciple was saved.
9- A pious person living in a far away country heard about the Imam's fame and came to the city of Serhend. Someone invited him to his house to spend the night there. When he said that he was there to receive fayd from the Imam and that he was very happy because he was going to be blessed with the honor of joining his disciples, the host began to vituperate hadrat Imam, using filthy language about him. Deeply saddened and embarrassed, the pious person committed himself to the Imam's soul and begged him through his heart: "I am here only with the intention of serving you for Allah's sake. This person wants to deprive me of this happiness." Imam-i-Rabbani appeared, exasperated and with his sword drawn, and cutting the denier to pieces he left the house. When the pious person was blessed with the Imam's presence the following morning and attempted to relate the previous night's event, the Imam preferred to conceal his karamat, saying, "Do not relate by day what happened at night."
10- One of the Imam's 'quddisa sirruh' deniers invited one of the Imam's disciples to his home. Putting something to eat in front of the guest, the host began to speak ill of Imam-i- Rabbani 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih'. The disciple was vexed and wished to go back to the Imam's place. This stirred the Ghayrat-i-ilahi, whereupon all the limbs of the denier's body broke and the body was torn to pieces. Terrified, the disciple left the house and made for the Imam's place. The Imam was standing at the door, as it was his blessed habit. Holding his disciple by the hand, he took him to the denier's house. They entered the house. The Imam supplicated to Allahu ta'ala for the resuscitation of the dead person. Allahu ta'ala accepted his supplication. When they stood up some time later, he said to his disciple, "Don't tell anyone about this event as long as I am alive."
11- One day ten of the Imam's disciples invited him to have (the dinner called) Iftar with them and all the ten invitations happened to be for the same evening. Accepting all the invitations, he had Iftar with all the ten families at the same time in the same evening.
12- He said one day, "The desire I had had to visit the Kaba al-muazzama became so overwhelming that it was all but impossible for me to endure it any longer. By the grace of Allahu ta'ala, this zeal and devotion generated so powerful an attraction that I found the Kaba al-muazzama by my side and was honored with tawaf (visiting the Kaba)."
We shall quote a few of the sayings that emanated from Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani's 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala sirrah-ul'aziz' blessed heart and were expressed through his blessed pen's tongue:
He stated: All things seen and known are muqayyad. [They are dependent on other things.]. They are not [worth being] maqsud (thing(s) wished for) or matlub (thing(s) aspired after). What is [worth being] matlub is what is free and far from all bounds and dependencies. Then, it must be looked for beyond seeing and knowing.
He stated: Sayr and Suluk consist of progress in knowledge.
He stated: What camouflages the Awliya-ullah 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaihim ajmain' from others' sight, and prevents them from being identified, is their human properties. These people need what other people need. Being Awliya will not exempt them from this need.
He stated: Allahu ta'ala has concealed His Wali born servants in such a way that their own zahir (physical senses) are unaware of the perfections in their hearts, nonetheless for others' identifying them.
He stated: Ya Rabbi (o my Allah)! What a mystery it is that Thou hast made them Awliya (beloved born servants) for Thine Self. Their batin (hearts) are like nectars. A person who tastes one tiny drop of them will find endless life and attain eternal felicity. Their outward appearances, on the other hand, are like fatal poison.
He who evaluates them only by looking at their outward appearances will end up in eternal death. He stated: Man's creation is intended for him to do his duties as a born servant. The highest of the ranks of Wilayat is the rank of 'abdiyyat (being a born servant). There is no rank above it.
He stated: They bless only one out of thousands of people with the honor of Ikhlas and the rank of Rida. This faqir (hadrat Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani means himself) was blessed with Ikhlas and Rida, which are the ultimate goals, only after ten years' progress in this way. As alms from our master the Prophet 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam', the essence, the inner nature (haqiqat) of these, mysteries was entirely explained to me. May hamd-u-thana (laud, praise and thanks) be to Allahu ta'ala for this blessing.
He stated: The way taken (and guided) by these superior people 'rahmat-ullahi ta'ala alaihim ajmain' is extremely valuable and very sacred. It has been based on the principle of adapting yourself to the Sunnat. Now I have no desire but to revive one of the Sunnats of Rasulullah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam'. Let those who aspire after hals, mawajids and zawks have them. The heart should be enriched with the nisbat [following the way] of our superiors and the zahir (body, outward appearance, actions) should be decorated with (obeying) the Ahkam-i-Islamiyya. [Ahkam-i-Islamiyya means Islam's commandments and prohibitions].
He stated: Prophets 'alaihim-us-salawatu wattaslimat' were sent to India. I see bright nurs (lights, haloes) on their graves. I could show their graves one by one if I wanted to. Yet people are mostly disinclined to believe such statements.
He stated: The word 'riyazat' (mortification) has meant 'subjecting oneself to hunger', 'fasting' to (most) people. However, steady strictness about eating as much as our religion prescribes is more difficult and more useful than performing supererogatory fast for thousands of years.
He stated: If delicious, sweet food is offered to a person and if he eats as much of it as our religion prescribes and leaves the rest though he has appetite and wishes to eat it all, this abstention of his is a powerful way of riyazat and it is much better than the other methods of riyazat.
He stated: I saw the Sarwar-i-kainat 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam'. He wrote an ijazat for me, saying, "I have not written an ijazat like this for anyone after my Ashab." Then he gave me the good news: "On the rising day thousands of people will enter Paradise through your shafaat." He made me a mujtahid in the 'Ilm-i- Kalam.
He stated: "I saw Islam. It stopped at our place like a caravan stopping at a caravanserai." As he said so he pointed to his mosque and to his convent.
He stated: One morning I saw Imam-i-azam 'rahmatullahi alaih' and his teacher and his disciples arriving. I found myself immersed in their haloes. I attained a special Fana in the nisbat of those great people. Likewise, at some other time Imam-i-Shafi'i 'rahmatullahi alaih' and his teacher and his disciples appeared. This time their haloes covered me all over. I attained Fana in their nisbat, too.
He stated: Ghaws-ul-azam (Abd-ul-Qadir Geilani) 'quddisa sirruh' and the great Shaikhs of Qadiri path 'rahmat-ullahi alaihim' visited me. With the arrival of these great people, I found myself in the haloes of Qadiri nisbat (path). I thought to myself, "I was educated by the superiors of Naqshbandi. How is it that the Qadiri order seems to have had more effect on me?" As soon as this thought passed through my heart, hadrat Khwaja-i-jihan Baha-ad-din Bukhari 'quddisa sirruh', accompanied by his disciples, honored the place with his presence and sat against the Ghaws-us-saqaleyn. Addressing the other group, he said, "Ahmad is one of us. He attained perfection and maturity through our methods of education." In the meantime, leaders of the orders Cheshtiyya and Kubrawiyya arrived, too. They poured their own nisbats into my heart. They gave me new ijazats. I already was in possession of the nisbats of those superior people, and now they became firmer and brighter. If I wish, I can make my disciples reach perfection through all these paths.
He stated: One day I was pervaded with a feeling of seeing my deeds deficient. I was in a mood of utter penitence and contrition, when I heard a voice saying, "I have forgiven thee and those who invoke through thee, whether through another means or without any intermediary in between, till the end of the world," as it had been expressed in the hadith ash-Sharif, "If a person humiliates himself for the sake of Allahu ta'ala, Allahu ta'ala will exalt him."
He stated: "They have shown me all those men and women who have joined our order as well as those who will join us through means or directly till the end of the world. They have given me their names, family names, and countries. I could name them all one by one if I liked to. All these people have been forgiven for my sake.
He stated: I have been given the good news, "If you attend a person's funeral he shall be forgiven." I was also inspired, "If you ask for a dead person's forgiveness, his torment shall be stopped once and for all." At some other time I was inspired, "If a handful of soil from your grave is put on a grave, the person lying in this grave shall attain maghfirat-i-ilahiyya (Allah's forgiveness)." [This shows how great the person who lies in this grave (hadrat Imam Rabbani) must be].
He stated: The essence of the path with which Allahu ta'ala has specially blessed this faqir (Imam-i-Rabbani) is the path of Ahrariyya, in which all the hals (spiritual states), which are normally attained at the end (in the other orders of Tasawwuf), have been placed in the beginning. Edifices, kiosks have been built on this foundation. If this foundation had not been so strong, the situation would not be as it is today. This valuable seed was brought from Bukhara and Semerkand and sown in India, whose essence descends from the soil of Medina-i-Munawwara and Mecca al-mukarrama. It was watered with water of fazeelat (virtue) and ikram (kindness, blessing) for years. It was grown with ihsan (grace, kindness, blessing). When it maturated and reached perfection, today's fruits of knowledge and marifat came into being.
He stated: We have been inspired that hadrat Mahdi 'alaih-ir-rahma' will be in this nisbat of ours; he will read and accept what we have written in marifat and haqiqat.
He stated: Allahu ta'ala, with his Fadl and Kerem, has endowed on us (hadrat Imam-i-Rabbani means himself) all sorts of perfection that a born servant could possess, [with the exception of the rank of prophethood].
The virtues and peculiar values Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala sirrah- ul'aziz' was invested with are beyond the limits of enumeration. As a singular blessing, Allahu ta'ala honored him with the fortune of adapting himself to our master the Messenger of Allah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' in all the seven categories. [The seven categories of following our master Rasulullah 'sall-allahi alaihi wa sallam' are explained in detail in the thirtieth (30) chapter of the Turkish version of our book Se'adet-i-Ebediyye (Endless Bliss)]. He (Allahu ta'ala) made him privy to the mysterious secrets hidden in the (ayats called) MutAshabihat and Muqattat in Qur'an al-karim. He made him attain to the perfections peculiar to (people called) Sabiqs. [Prophets 'alaihim-us-salam' and the highest ones of their Ashab are called Sabiq]. He was blessed with the rank of Qayyum-i-'alam. Some of his disciples attained the rank of Qutb dependent on him. A new path beyond (the stages called) the Jazba and Suluk and the Sayr-i-afaqi and the Sayr-i-enfusee came into being.
With the barakat of his management, the Islamic religion became very powerful, especially in India. Islamic works of art, which had been destroyed and neglected in the time of Akbar Shah, were restored. Many disbelievers became Muslims in his hands. Thousands of sinners made tawba. Writing effective letters to the time's powerful governors and commanders, among whom were his adherents and disciples such as Abd-ur-Rahim Khan, who was famous for his name Khan-i-Khanan, and Nawwab Farid Murtada Khan and Muhammad azam Khan, he encouraged them to promote and spread Islam and to promulgate the belief of Ahl as-sunnat wal-jamaat. And these people, obeying his blessed advice, put forward efforts for the fulfillment of this purpose and served for the maintenance of the religion. They did this so successfully that the darkness of bidat and disbelief turned into light of Iman and Sunnat. He assigned his highly educated disciples to the task of teaching the Zahiri teachings (teachings pertaining to worships) and the batini marifats (occult knowledge pertaining to heart and soul) to people and sent them everywhere. A few of them are: Mawlana Hamid-i-Benghali, Mawlana Muhammad Siddiq-i-Badahshi, Shaikh Muzammil, Mawlana Tahir-i-Badahshi, Mawlana Ahmad-i- Riwanbi, Karim-ad-din Hasan-i-Abdali, Hasan-i-Barki, Mawlana Abd-ul-Hayy-i-Balhi, Mawlana Hashim-i-Kishmi, Mawlana Badraddin-i-Sarhandi, Yusuf-i-Barki, Hajji Hidir-i- Afghani, Khwaja Muhammad Sadiq-i-Kabili, Mawlana Yar Muhammad Qadim-i-Talkani, and others 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaihim ajmain'.
These people are some of the Imam's distinguished disciples. Millions of people received fayd through these people's sohbat and attained the rank of Wilayat. He gave very sublime good news to these exalted disciples of his and inspirited people to attaining the sohbat of these distinguished people. To some of his disciples he gave the good news that they had attained ranks of Wilayat and Qutb.
Nur Muhammad Punti 'rahmatullahi alaih' is one of his greatest disciples. He (the Imam) said about him, "He is one of the rijal-ul-ghayb. He is either among the Nuqaba or one of the Nujaba."
Bedi'ud-din-i-Seharenpuri 'quddisa sirruh' received many kindnesses and praisals from our master the Prophet 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' in his dreams. In one of these occasions the Messenger of Allah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' said to him, "You are the siraj, the candle of India." He was also blessed with the fortune of becoming the time's qutb. Mawlana Ahmad-i-Barki 'quddisa sirruh' passed all the stages of suluk in one week. He, too, attained the honor of becoming the qutb of his country.
Mawlana Muhammad Tahir-i-Lahori 'quddisa sirruh' was another one who was honored with the blessing of becoming the qutb for his country. Allahu ta'ala sent him the following message through inspiration: "I have salvaged from Hell fire all of those people to whom thou hast made tawajjuh. I have forgiven anyone who pays homage to thee."
Sayyid Adam-i-Bannuri 'quddisa sirruh' would make the disciple attain the grade of Fana-i-qalbi and the Nisbat-i-khassa at first tawajjuh, even during the talkin. Allahu ta'ala blessed him with a special methodology, a special path. This methodology is termed Ahsaniyya. Through this methodology, which was peculiar to him, he would attract people towards Allahu ta'ala. The good news informing about this fact had been given to him by Imam-i- Rabbani 'quddisa sirruh', who had said, "Through an unknown way you shall be given more than you have received from us. Anyone who joins your way has been forgiven. On the Rising Day you shall be given a banner. People who have recourse to you and follow your way shall enjoy comfort in the shade of your banner on the Rising Day." More than four hundred thousand people made tawba in his hands. He had one thousand disciples who had attained perfection. On his arrival in Medina-i-Munawwara, (he greeted the Messenger of Allah 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' and) his salam (greeting, salutation) was acknowledged by the Prophet and he had the honor of musafaha (shaking hands) with the Prophet, a blessing which has not even fallen to the lot of a few distinguished people. At that lucky moment, a voice was heard to say, "O my son! Stay with me!" Indeed, he passed away in Medina-i-munawwara.
Another one was Sayyid Muhammad Numan-i-Badahshi 'quddisa sirruh'. Imam-i-Rabbani wrote to him in one of his letters: "The crescent of your perfection is like the full moon against the sun. All the values given to the sun have been reflected on it." Also, he gave him the good news that he was a qutb. He had very effective and abundant guidance. He attracted hundreds of thousands of people to Allahu ta'ala. The time's emperor was alarmed at the great number of his disciples. Inviting him from Dakka, he took him under his protection. Once he said, "I saw our master the Prophet 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' in my dream. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq 'radi-allahu anh' was with the Sarwar. The Messenger said, 'O Aba Bakr! Tell my son Muhammad Numan: Anyone liked and accepted by Ahmad (Imam-i-Rabbani) is liked and accepted by me and by Allahu ta'ala. Anyone disliked and rejected by Ahmad is disliked by me and by Allahu ta'ala.' Because I was one of the people liked and accepted by Imam-i-Ahmad Rabbani, I rejoiced greatly at this good news. I was still enjoying this peaceful joy, when the Messenger of Allah stated again: 'Tell my son Muhammad Numan: Anyone liked and accepted by you is liked and accepted by Ahmad. And anyone liked and accepted by him is liked and accepted by me and by Allahu ta'ala. Anyone you dislike and reject, Ahmad and I and Allahu ta'ala will dislike and reject, too.
EXALTED SONS of IMAM-I-RABBANI
Qaddas-Allahu ta'ala arwahahum
Imam-i-Rabbani has eight sons and two daughters:
Muhammad Sadiq 'quddisa sirruh' is the Imam's 'quddisa sirruh' eldest son. He was born in the Hijri year 1000. He was only eight years old when Imam-i-Rabbani attained Khwaja Baki billah's sohbat. He took him along. So he was blessed with hadrat Khwaja Baki billah's looks at that very young age. With the barakat of his tawajjuh he attained hals, raptures and unbelievable valuables. He was flooded with Kashfs, zawks, ecstacies and immersion into haloes, so much so that his blessed father (Imam-i-Rabbani) told his disciples to "Buy Muhammad Sadiq some food from the market place [because food from a market place would be somewhat doubtful]. This will deplete the inundation of hals to some extent!"
He acquired most of the teachings pertaining to mental (scientific) and traditional (religious) knowledge in the presence of his father. By the time he was eighteen years old he had completed his education in Zahiri knowledge and taken up teaching in due diligence and perseverance.
His father 'quddisa sirruh', in a letter he sent to him, wrote as follows: "It has been inferred from your letter that you have an affinity with the Wilayat-i-khassa-i-Muhammadiyya 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam'. I thank Allahu ta'ala for this. For I have been desiring for some time that you attain this great blessing. One day, I made tawajjuh towards you so that you should reach this fortune. I happened to find you in the Wilayat-i-Musawiyya. So you were made to progress in that path and were transferred into Wilayat-i-Muhammadiyya. I pay my hamd to Allahu ta'ala for this."
His blessed father said about this son of his, "My esteemed son Muhammad Sadiq 'rah- matullahi alaih' has become an abstract of the marifats which this faqir (Imam-i-Rabbani) possesses. He has passed beyond the grades of Jazba and Suluk. My son is among those who are privy to my subtle, occult and secret marifats. He has been protected against erring."
When he was twenty-four years old, bubonic plague broke out and spread in the place he lived, killing many people. His blessed father made tawajjuh for the elimination of the nuisance. However, it was understood that the plague would not go back without receiving the high premium it had come there for. So this son of Imam-i-Rabbani's bowed to his destiny and sacrificed himself for Allah's born servants. He passed away on the ninth day of Rabi'ulawwal in 1025 [A.D. 1615]. Some time later the plague lost its grip. One of our superiors had a dream wherein a voice said, "If a person suffering from bubonic plague writes the name Muhammad Sadiq on a piece of paper, melts it or only dips it in water and drinks the water, he will get rid of the plague." The news spread in the city. People suffering from plague did so and recovered. In fact, even a bit of soil from his grave would be enough as a cure against the epidemic. Imam-i-Rabbani was very deeply grieved at the death of this son of his. He says in one of his letters, "The death of my late son was a great catastrophe. He was one of the ayats of Allahu ta'ala, a sign from him. He was one of the Rahmats (acts of compassion) coming down from the Rabb of 'alams (worlds). Very few people have obtained equal amount of Zahiri and batini knowledge he acquired within these twenty-four years." He was in a continuous state of hudu' and khushu' and always considered himself humble and imperfect. He would supplicate Allahu ta'ala bemoaningly. He stated, "Each Wali has asked for something from Allahu ta'ala. What I have asked for is tazarru' and iltija (supplication and taking refuge)."
Khwaja Muhammad Said 'quddisa sirruh' was born in the Hijri year 1005. He passed away on the twenty-seventh of the month of Jamaz-al-akhir in 1070 [A.D. 1659]. He was very small in the time of Khwaja Muhammad Baki billah 'quddisa sirruh'. Therefore, it may seem that he did not attain the blessing of the Khwaja's khuzur. However, the Khwaja (Baki billah) said, "Muhammad Said is such a person that he received nisbat from me in my absence." He attained Zahiri and batini perfection in the presence of his father. He was seventeen years old when he perfected himself in mental and traditional knowledge. Like his noble father, he was perfect in observing the religious rules, graced with taqwa, immaculate in adapting himself to the Sunnat, and determined in acting upon the 'azimat. He was soft-spoken and modest. He did not attach any importance to worldliness. He was a documentary source and occupied a very high rank in the knowledge of Hadith. And in the knowledge of Fiqh he was the very authenticity itself. Whenever Imam-i-Rabbani meant to inquire into a matter pertaining to the knowledge of Fiqh, he would commune with this son of his. He admired his true and sound answers and uttered benedictions over him. He reached all the ranks of Kamal (perfection) and tekmil (perfecting) in the elevated presence of his father. He was given ijazat and commanded to guide the disciples. He was prudent and far-sighted not only in matters pertaining to the Hereafter, but also in worldly affairs. In fact, Imam-i-Rabbani 'quddisa sirruh' would consult with him in many questions. He was his magnificent father's companion in batini knowledge (knowledge pertaining to heart and soul). Very few people were informed with the mysteries imparted to him. People physically afflicted would seek remedy in him, and people with unhealthy hearts would attain presence of soul and tranquility in his tasarruf (power of disposal). This state of his was fully concordant with the following statement made by Baha-ud-din-i-Bukhari 'quddisa sirruh', who was one of the (spiritual) inheritors of our master the Prophet 'alaihis- salam': "We have attained a grace, a blessing from Allahu ta'ala."
Imam-i-Rabbani 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala sirrah-ul'aziz' stated: "Muhammad Said is one of the 'Ulama-i-rasikhin. Muhammad Said is one of the Sabiqun. Muhammad Said is a Halil of Allahu ta'ala. The rank of Hullat was transferred from me to him. Muhammad Said is a treasure of Allahu ta'ala's compassion. On the Judgement Day he will be granted the privilege of dealing out shares from the treasury of compassion. He has a great share from the rank of Shafaat (intercession). Muhammad Said passed beyond the circle of nafy (negation) like Ibrahim 'alaihis-salam'. Now he is with me in ithbat (proving true). One day I saw Muhammad Said running fast along the Sirat Bridge in order to enter Paradise."
His statement, "My nisbat is like the Mujaddid's nisbat," would suffice to express his greatness. He has a book of one volume titled Maktubat. This book is a collection of the subtle and occult pieces of knowledge poured into his blessed heart.
There was a woman who could not have a child because of old age. She came to him and said, "Please pray to Allahu ta'ala to give me a child. Your prayer will be accepted." He made tawajjuh and then said, "Allahu ta'ala is going to give you a male child." Indeed, she did have a male child some time later.
Someone had a son who was about to die. Bewailing in tears, he entered his presence and begged: "Hadrat Isa 'alaihis-salam' resuscitated dead people. You are Prophets' inheritors. Please do make tawajjuh so that my son should recover from this plight." The answer was a pregnant silence. A while later hadrat Muhammad Said said, "Your son's soul left his body; yet it has come back; he is alive and in good health now." When the man was back in his home, he found his son full of life and health.
Khwaja Muhammad Mathum 'quddisa sirruh' is well known as the Imam-i-Mathum, the 'Urwat-ul-wusqa, renovator of the Religion. He is the Imam's third son. He was born in 1009 and passed away on the ninth of the month of Rabi-ul-awwal in 1079 [A.D. 1668]. Imam-i-Rabbani 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih' stated, "Muhammad Ma'thum's birth brought about plenty of barakat. It was in the same year when he was born that I attained the blessing of kissing my exalted teacher's threshold, whereupon all this riches of knowledge and marifat was unleashed."
He was only three years old when he began to utter words of Tawhid such as, "I am the earth," "I am the sky" "I am this," "I am that," "That wall is the Haqq," "That tree is the Haqq." He memorized the whole Qur'an al-karim in three months. And he was sixteen years old when he completed his education in the mental and traditional branches of knowledge and began to teach his disciples. During his education he acquired the method of dhikr and muraqaba from his noble father. Then he attained all sorts of blessings that could, or, rather, could not be imagined. Imam-i-Rabbani said about him, "This son of mine has idiosyncratic propensity towards the Wilayat-i-Muhammadiyya 'alaihis-salam'. He is Muhammad-ul-mashrab and is one of the Mahbubs. The case of my son Ma'thum's obtaining our nisbat is identical with that of the author of the book Sharh-i-Wikaya, who memorized all the books written by his grandfather." I am afraid that, if his speed during the stages of Sayr and Suluk and in transcending the grades on his way and the ranks he attained were described, those who consider themselves close would flee to a distance; those who think they have arrived at their goal would run in the course of separation. When he attained hals, high ranks, peerless values and perfections, his blessed father gave him mutlaq ijazat (full authorization). So this son fell behind his noble father and followed him step by step in the knowledge of zahir and batin. His Kashf was precisely correct and powerful; he would say what grades of Wilayat his disciples living in far-away countries had reached and what their mashrabs (dispositions, natures) were.
One day, as he was in the presence of his blessed father, he said, "I see myself as a nur illuminating the world." Imam-i-Rabbani 'qaddas-Allahu ta'ala sirrah-ul-'aziz' said, "O my son! You will become the Qutb of your time. Do not forget this word of mine!" Afterwards, some time towards the death of his exalted father, the rank of Qayyum was taken back from his father and given to him. Thus he became the Qayyum-i-zaman and the Qutb-i-devran. Imam-i-Rabbani said to this son of his: "My attachment to this world was due to my duty as the Qayyum. Now you have been given this duty. All of the whole world has turned their faces in full enthusiasm towards you. The time of my transition to the Hereafter is close by." At some other time he said, "A share from nobility is seen in you. As the dough of our master the Prophet 'sall-allahu alaihi wa sallam' was being kneaded, they added a remaining piece into the leaven of your dough of creation." At another occasion he said, "This son of mine is one of the Sabiqun."
In short, his blessed body was, like his father, one of the ayats, signs of Allahu ta'ala. The world, which had been dark for some time, was illuminated with their barakat.
His letters, which were elucidations of abstruse mystic knowledge and marifats, were compiled in three books. He explained those parts of his exalted father's letters that were too difficult to understand, in its original language, Persian. Thus no secret was left unexplained. His Maktubat (Letters) was written again in 1340 [A.D. 1922] and was printed in a splendid form in Pakistan in 1395 [A.D. 1985].
His karamats are beyond the limits of enumeration. A day before his passing away, a mysterious voice was heard at the door of every house in Serhend and in the neighboring cities. It said: "Tomorrow the Qayyum-i-zaman Muhammad Mathum will pass away. Those who wish to see him must hurry!"
The miracles and wonders that happened during his visit to the Kaba al-muazzama and the Rawdat-ul-mutahhara are narrated in a book that was published under the title Al-yawakit. The compliments made to him by the haqiqat of Kaba al-muazzama, the conversations he had with our master the Prophet 'alaihis-salam', his attaining various graces and kindnesses and many new grades in that presence are depicted in a sweet and pulchritudinous language.
The number of his disciples and the people who derived benefit from them cannot be tallied. The fayd and perfections caused by his effective tawajjuh are the best evidences proving his high rank. More than nine hundred thousand people are said to have attained the happiness of becoming his disciples. He gave ijazat to seven thousand of his disciples. In his presence, a disciple would attain the grade of Fana-i-qalbi in a week and perfection in Wilayat in a month's time. He would make some people attain all these grades with only one tawajjuh. All his six sons were honored with the rank of Qutb. They filled the whole world with nur. In fact, his honorable father had said to him, "Your sons will become like me."
Hadrat Muhammad Mathum 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih' had six sons and five daughters.
Muhammad Ferruh and Muhammad Isa, two other sons of Imam-i-Rabbani, passed away of bubonic plague on the same day as did their eldest brother Muhammmad Sadiq 'quddisa sirruhum'; the former was eleven and the latter was seven years old 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaihim ajmain'.
His youngest son was Muhammad Yahya 'quddisa sirruh'. He memorized the whole Qur'an al-karim when he was nine years old. The same year hadrat Imam (Rabbani) 'rahmat-ullahi alaih' passed away. He was very merciful, very compassionate to this son of his, too. After memorizing Qur'an al-karim, he studied Arabic teachings. He learned most of mental and traditional knowledge from his elder brothers, and was twenty years old when he completed this education. He became a documentary source in the knowledge of Hadith. He was an absolute document in the knowledge of Fiqh. Before he was born, the ayat al-karima, "We give thee the good news of a (coming) son, whose name shall be Yahya," was inspired to his noble father (Imam-i-Rabbani). Therefore he named this son of his 'Yahya'. He acquired the grades of Tariqa-i-ahmadiyya from his elder brothers.
Muhammad Alamghir Evrengh-i-Zib, the time's emperor, would visit him and derive benefit from him. He made Hajj twice.
Mawlana Khalid-i-Baghdadi 'quddisa sirruh', who was the Mujaddid of the thirteenth century, the paramount and peerless scholar of his time, who had attained the spiritual grades of Ahmadiyya and who had reached perfection and had the competence to make others reach perfection, states, "In this Ummat (among Muslims), with the exception of the Ashab al-kiram, I cannot see another person as good as Imam-i-Rabbani 'rahmatullahi alaih' in adhering to the Sunnat-i-seniyya, in having accurate and true views on the Names, Attributes and Person of Allahu ta'ala, and in possessing very high, very exact and extremely subtle marifats. Only Prophets 'alaihim-us-salam' could recognize his haqiqat. How could Awliya comprehend this?" One of our superiors 'rahmatullahi alaih" asked our master the Messenger of Allah 'alaihis-salam' in his dream: "What would you say about the Mujaddid?" The beloved Prophet's answer was: "I have four Khalifas. Ahmad is the fifth." Likewise, when Mazhar-i-Jan-i-Janan 'quddisa sirruh' asked our master the Prophet 'alaihis-salam' a similar question in his dream, he received this answer: "Is there anyone else like him in this Ummat?"
Abdullah Dahlawi 'rahmatullahi alaih' states in the hundred and ninth letter of his Makatib-i-Sharifa, "All Muslim countries have been covered with the fayd and nur emanating from Imam-i-Rabbani Mujaddid-i-Alf-i-Thani Ahmad Faruqi. It is wajib for all Muslims to be grateful for his fayd. None of the other Awliya has informed about any marifat or fayd similar to the new marifats and fayd communicated by him. Formerly, Mawlana Khalid-i-Baghdadi, Mawlawi Hirati and Mawlawi Qamer-ud-din Pishwaree were totally against him. When they visited this faqir and attained the fayd from the Mujaddid, they realized the very high grades and ranks in this path. Muhammad Abd- ur-rasul Berzenji (1103 [A.D. 1690], was drowned in the sea on his way back from hajj. His book, titled Refuting the Ignoramuses of Serhend, cannot be an evidence for the deniers (of the Imam). Someone named Arif translated Maktubat from Persian into Arabic without he himself understanding the subtle messages given in the book and thus changing them. When Berzenji came across this erroneous translation in Medina-i-munawwara he, being a person quite unaware of Tasawwuf, was disconcerted and wrote that refutation of his without thinking at all that he should inquire into the matter before doing so. On the other hand Mirza Muhammad Burhanpuri, who was profoundly learned in the Zahiri and batini branches of knowledge, saw the refutation and, translating Maktubat into Arabic correctly, proved that the writings in the blessed book were perfectly concordant with the Shariat, naming his correct version Atiyat-ul-ahbab fi-r-redd-i-alal-mu'tarid-i-ala-sh- shaikh Ahmad Faruqi, and having Meccan scholars endorse his book.
Urwat-ul-wusqa Muhammad Mathum, (as we have already stated), is Imam-i-Rabbani's son 'rahmatullahi alaihima'. His book, Maktubat, is in Persian and consists of three volumes. There are 239 letters in the first volume, 158 letters in the second volume, and 255 in the third. Thirty- two of these six hundred and fifty-two letters have been translated (into Turkish and thence into English) and written below. Muhammad Mathum 'quddisa sirruh' passed away in the Serhend city of India in 1079 [A.D. 1668].
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