Mit Mit Kay Mit Ja - First Line, Murshid e Kaamil
by, 29-06-2012 at 11:34 PM (1039 Views)
In the previous post I had posted a poem. Ghaliban this poem was written by a shaikh from the Punjab area commonly known as Bulleh Shah (ra). A lot about this shaikh is unknown or it is in legends which are not authentic, but what we know is that he was a very pious person. The poem starts with these lines:
Teach me the lesson given by the murshid, O Faqeer, annihilate just annihilate yourself.
Bulleh Shah (ra) starts this poem as if he is speaking to someone and asking them to teach him the lesson given by the murshid. He addresses the second person as a faqeer and then he says "annihilate, just annihilate yourself" as if that is the lesson the murshid has taught. So there are 3 words in this line that stand out; (1) murshid, (2) faqeer, and (3) annihilate. You can add "lesson" as another keyword and say that there are 4 keywords in this first line.
Who is a murshid and what does this word mean? Lots of people are confused about this word. Murshid, irshad, rashid. The word "lesson" will help to clarify the meaning of the word murshid. Murshid is someone who teaches, someone who gives direction, to the way of Allah swt. Murshid is someone who gives lessons, teaches, imparts deen, gives direction, guides, a seeker who is seeking the pleasure of Allah swt. Murshid is synonymous to the word shaikh. Understand this well that a shaikh (or murshid) is someone who guides to attaining the pleasure of Allah swt. Below is an excerpt taken from the book "Usool e Tasawwuf" by Hazrat Shah Abdul Ghani Phulphuri (ra) one of the eminent khulafah of Hakeem ul Ummat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (ra):
He has listed there a few distinguishing traits of a murshid (or shaikh). The first trait he mentions is that a shaikh is someone who has necessary knowledge of deen. What is meant by this? Meaning that he has enough knowledge of deen to live day to day life according to teachings of Quran and Sunnah. A shaikh doesnt necessarily have to be an alim or a mufti, this is nur ala nur. The shaikh does need the necessary knowledge to live day to day life according to deen.
Today we see in the world that people think of such a person to be a murshid and have made such a strange standard of gauging who is a murshid and who isnt that they consider such a person a murshid who show them some mystic phenomenon - who can make a coin disappear or who can pull a rabbit out of a hat, or who can tell them about future events or the winning lottery number. Astaghfirullah. Do not lose your deen, first understand the primary criteria of a shaikh. The primary criteria is that he should have enough knowledge of Quran and Sunnah that he can instruct you on how to live your 24 hour life on deen. The second criteria of a shaikh is that his aqeedah (beliefs), his amal (actions), and his habits are all according to the Islamic law.
These are among the primary criterion of a murshid.