Salam'alykum brothers and sisters,
I just finished reading this book called "An Introduction to 'aqeeda (beliefs) of Ahl AlSunnah wal Jam'ah" By Shaykh 'Abd Allah al-athari. I did not understand some things in this book completely.
Please read the following quote from the book:
"It should be noted that if a person becomes a leader (khaleefa) and the people unite around him and approve of him, OR if he seizes power by force and becomes khaleefa, then it is obligatory to obey him and it is haraam (prohibited) to rebel against him. Imam Ahmad says: "Whoever seizes power by force...it is not permissible for anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day to spend one night without acknowleging him as a leader, weather he is righteous or an evil doer"
First of all, I do not understand this concept. I did not know that this was a part of the belief of Ahl al-Sunnah wal-jammah. In the book it further says, even if the leader is a great tyrrant and oppressor, one cannot rebel against him, if he is a muslim.
Allah and the prophet stress so much on Justice.
[4:3] ...but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not deviate from the right course.
[4:58] Surely Allah commands you to make over trusts to their owners and that when you judge between people you judge with justice
[4:135] O you who believe! be maintainers of justice, bearers of witness of Allah's sake, though it may be against your own selves or (your) parents or near relatives;
[57:25] Indeed, We sent Our messengers with the clear signs, and We sent down with them the Book and the Balance so that men might uphold justice ...
This is only to mention a few of the verses from the Qur'an that talk about importance of establishment of Social Justice. How is it possible that it is not allowed to rebell against a tyrrant muslim in order to create justice?
In the last verse [57:25], establishment of justice has been declared as being the objective of the mission of all the prophets.
One other thing that seems to go against this concept, that you cannot rebel against a tyyrant muslim, is that in the same book it says:
"One of the major signs of the Hour (Judgement day)...is the appearance of the Mahdi...He will appear from the east and will reign for seven years, filling the Earth with Justice..."
So if it is haraam to rebel against a muslim tyrrant, when the Mahdi will come will he destroy all unjust muslim rulers aswell? Does that mean it is allow to fight tyrrant muslim rulers? It says in the hadiths (mentioned in the same book) that he will completely fill the earth with justice, how can he do that without rebelling against the muslim rulers who are injust?
I am very confused. Please someone, help me clarify this problem...I will appreciate it.
wasalam'alykyum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu