As salamu aleykum, Dear respected ulema, I want to ask whether this Salawat called Durood Nariya contains shirk or wheter it is permisseble to recite it , Also i want to know what the source or origin of this salawat is? Also what to say to those various Duroods that are recorded at:
Erroneous and over exadurated virtues are attached to some of these Duroods as far as i can see.
اللهـم صل صلاة كاملة وسلم سلاماً تاماً على سيدنا محمد الذي تنحل به العقد وتنفرج به الكرب وتقضى به الحوائج وتنال به الرغائب وحسن الخواتم ويستسقى الغمام بوجهه الكريم وعلى آله وصحبه في كل لمحة ونفس بعدد كل معلوم لك
This is one of the supplications that were made up by the Sufis who go to extremes in their veneration of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The supplications that they concoct are typified by clear exaggerations and extreme tendencies in expressing love for the Prophet (peace be upon him), which sometimes reaches the level of major polytheism.
Then they take these supplications that they author with their own hands and recite them morning and night as ritual remembrances. Sometimes, they prefer chanting these remembrances of their own invention over the recitation of the Qur’ân. They confer upon these salutations written by their sheiks – and they often name these salutations after their authors – virtues higher than the virtues that are established for the recitation of the Qur’ân.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) taught his Companions how we are supposed to convey our salutations to him. They asked: “O Messenger of Allah, teach us how to greet you and how to salute you in our prayers.”
The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “Say: O Allah! Bestow your blessings upon Muhammad and upon his family as you have bestowed your blessings upon Abraham and his family. Indeed You are praiseworthy and glorious…” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (3370) and Sahîh Muslim (405)]
As for the supplication in question, it can be rendered as follows:
O Allah! Bestow your most perfect blessings and your most perfect peace upon our master Muhammad, through whom difficulties and calamities are relieved and through whom needs are fulfilled, aspirations attained, and the best outcomes are achieved, and through whom the clouds deliver their rain by virtue of your Noble Countenance. And bestow such salutations and peace upon his family and his Companions. Do so every moment that lasts the duration of the flickering of an eye or the drawing of breath, and do so to the number of everything that is known to You.
There are different versions of this supplication, all of which are similar in their basic wording. It is a false supplication that contains heretical and false meanings.
The supplication alleges that the Prophet (peace be upon him) is the one “through whom difficulties and calamities are relieved and through whom needs are fulfilled, aspirations attained…”
If the meaning intended here is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) is the one who does these things, then it is a clear case of major polytheism, since such attributes belong to Allah alone. Allah is the only one who brings about the best outcomes. In Allah’s hands alone is the dominion. Allah alone is the dispenser of all good and of all providence. Allah alone removes calamities and difficulties and fulfills the needs of His creatures. Allah guides whom He pleases to a path that is straight.
If, by contrast, the meaning intended in the supplication is for the supplicant to seek Allah’s beneficence in these matters through the virtue of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his status with Allah, then this is not polytheism. However, it still constitutes an innovation without any basis for it in Islamic Law.
We should know that seeking nearness to Allah by way of the Prophet (peace be upon him) can mean one of four things:
1. To seek nearness to Allah on the strength of one’s own faith in the truth of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the love that one has for him, and the obedience one shows in complying to the teachings that he brought. This is one of the greatest means of seeking nearness to Allah in our supplications.
2. Seeking nearness to Allah by having the Prophet (peace be upon him) supplicate on one’s behalf.
This is like what `Akâshah b. Muhsin did when he went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: “Beseech Allah that I will be among them.”
To which the Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “You are among them.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (6541) and Sahîh Muslim (220)]
The Companions used to go to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and request from him to supplicate on their behalf. In times of drought, they would ask him to beseech Allah on their behalf for rain.
However, after the Prophet (peace be upon him) died, no one would go to his grave and request from him to supplicate to Allah on their behalf. When they were stricken with drought, they turned instead to his uncle `Abbâs and asked him to beseech Allah for rain on their behalf.
This took place in the year of famine during `Umar’s reign. `Umar declared the following: “O Allah, we used to seek nearness to You with the Prophet, and You –, O Allah – would send the rains. Now we will seek nearness to You with our Prophet’s uncle. So send the rains, O Allah!” Then `Umar asked the Prophet’s uncle to supplicate on their behalf. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (1010)]
3. Seeking nearness to Allah with the Prophet’s position and status with his Lord.
It is an innovation in religious practice for one to seek nearness to Allah in one’s supplications by invoking Allah’s love for the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the honor in which Allah holds him. No doubt, the status and honor of the Prophet (peace be upon him) with his Lord is great. However, the benefit of this is only for those whom he supplicated for while he was alive. After his death, we do not seek supplications from him, as we have already discussed.
Therefore, the supplication mentioned in the question is contrary to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him). It is unlawful to use that supplication, since its meaning, at worst implies polytheism, and at the least, is an innovation. May Allah protect us form both.
And Allah knows best.