As salamu aleykum,
When do i need to read my after salah supplications and invocations in the case when there is a established sunnah prayer after the fard prayer to be prayed like in the case of salatul maghrib?
Do i need to read those supplications and invocations after the 3 rakat fard, or after completing the whole magrib prayer (i.e. after the 2 rakat sunnah muakkadah of magrib)?
A imam told me to do it every time after completing the whole prayer (i.e. after the post- sunnahs like in Dhuhr, Magrib and Isha) he told me that the Prophet SAW only used to say after fard prayer 3 times Astagfirullah; ''Allahumma antassalamu wa minkas salam tabarakta ya zal djalali wal ikram'' and then he stood up to pray the post sunnah prayers.
And after those he did the supplications and invocations Is this right and is there proof?
When i asked him for the proof he said that Ibn Abidin and Tahtawi said so in their books that delaying a sunnah after fard for making tasbihat, dhikr and dua would be Makruh.
But i didnt find any proof from ahadith for this. Rather all the hadeeth what i found in this case all indicate to do the Tasbihat and Dhikr and Dua after fard prayers:
After the fard Salaat recite the following while rubbing the right hand on the forehead:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ اللَّهُمَّ أَذْهِبْ عَنِّي الْهَمَّ وَالْحَزَنَ
"In the name of Allah, (I have completed the Salaat) who is the only one worthy of worhsip and who is the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious. O Allah remove from me all worries and sorrows".
Then recite Astaghfirullah thrice and recite the following:
اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلَامُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلَامُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ
"O Allah, You are safe, and from You we receive safety. You are Blessed, Lofty and Dignified".
From the following duas either recite all of them or any one indivisually:
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٍ
a. "Besides Allah, there is no one worthy of worship, He is all by Himself and has no partner. His is the Kingdom, to Him is all praise and He has control over everything".
اللَّهُمَّ لَا مَانِعَ لَمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَلَا مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ وَلَا يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ
b. "O Allah, no one can stop what You give and no one can give what You stop and the wealth of the wealthy cannot prevent Your punishment".
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْجُبْنِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْبُخْلِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ أَرْذَلِ الْعُمُرِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدُّنْيَا وَعَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ
c. "O Allah, I seek refuge from cowardice, miserliness and childness in old age, from the trials of this world and punishment of the grave".
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْكُفْرِ وَالْفَقْرِ وَعَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ
d. "O Allah, I seek refuge in You from Kufr, poverty and the punishment of the grave".
اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَمَا أَخَّرْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَفْتُ وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي أَنْتَ الْمُقَدِّمُ وَأَنْتَ الْمُؤَخِّرُ لَا إِلَهَ إلِاَّ أَنْتَ
e. "O Allah, forgive my past and future sins and those sins which took place knowingly or unknowngly and forgive me for exceeding the limits and those that You know more than me. You are the beginning and the end and besides You there is no one else worthy of worship".
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ
f. "O Allah, help me so that I can make your Dhikr, glorify You and worship You properly".
It is stated in the hadith that the person who recites Ayatul Qursi after every fard Salaat, death is the only barrier for him between him and Jannah.
(Bahaqi in Sahbatul Iman)
h. Uqba bin Amr (R.A.) states that Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) ordered him to recite the Muwoozhita (i.e. the four Quls) after every fard Salaat.
After every fard Salaat recite SubhanAllah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times.
Even in one hadeeth it says:
Abu Amama (R.A.) narrates from Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) that he Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) was asked which dua has the greatest acceptance. To this, he replied that the dua recited in the latter part of the night (Tahajjud time) and after the fard Salaat.
What is the hanafi ruling, im a little bit confused.