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Thread: The Arabic Sciences

  1. #1
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    Default The Arabic Sciences

    n/a
    Last edited by ahsanirfan; 03-07-2012 at 05:58 PM.


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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    Quote Originally Posted by ahsanirfan View Post
    as salam `alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu


    What are the basic texts that one studies in the Arabic sciences apart from Hidayatun Nahw, Al Nahw al Wadih, Ajrumiyyah, Alfiyyah and Sharh Ibn Aqil?

    Also, are there any books in Urdu that teach the Arabic sciences?

    jazak Allahi khayrun

    wa `alaykum salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

    as salam `alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,


    I dont know about ibn A'qil being basic (you probably want to study Al-Kitab of seebwei).

    Other books - qatrun nada, shudhurudh dhahab - these are nahw books.

    Then you have balagah books and arabic poetry - (mu'allaqaats) etc.
    ما خرج من القلب وقع في القلب و ما خرج من اللسان لا يتجاوز الأذنان


  3. #3
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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    What I've been able to figure out so far regarding your query can be summed up as follows:

    NAHW (roughly in order of difficulty, i.e. Basic texts towards the beginning and most advanced at the end).
    1) Ajrumiyyah
    2) Mulhat il Irab
    3) Matammat al Ajrumiyyah
    4) Hidaayat an Nahw
    5) Qatru an Nada
    6) al Kafiyah
    7) Alfiyyah ibn Malik
    8) Shudhur adh Dhahab
    9) Mughni al Labib

    (You may want to add Nahw Mir and Kitab al Awaamil and Sharh Miata Amil here as well, but I have not heard it used much outside of the Indian Subcontinent during the present day)

    NAHW reference texts (rather than teaching/study texts)
    1) al Kitab (of Sibaway)
    2) al Mufassal of Zamakhshari
    (some would list al Kafiyah as a reference text as well)

    SARF
    1) al Bina al Afal
    2) al Maqsud (attributed to Imam Abu Hanifa)
    3) Lamiyat al Af'al
    4) Tasrif i Zanjani (Izz al Din Zanjani, i.e. "al-Izzi")
    5) Marah al Arwah (Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Masud)
    6) Shafiyyah (Ibn al Hajib)
    7) Shadh al Arf

    BALAGHAH
    1) Mukhtasar al Ma'ani (and its commentaryTalkhis ul Miftah)
    2) Jawahir al Balaghah
    3) Miftah ul Ulum
    4) Uqood ul Jumaan (Suyuti)
    5) Jawhar Al Maknun (al Akhdari)

    The above is just based off what I've been able to glean from comparing the cirriculums, recommendations, etc. of scholars, darul ulooms, etc. from times past as well as the present and identifying which of these texts has widespread popularity and/or has withstood the test of time.

    I hope that this helps as starting point.

    SOURCES USED:
    http://darululoom-deoband.com/english/index.htm

    http://eprints.rhul.ac.uk/331/1/Madrasa.pdf (Ottoman-Safavid-and Mogul educational models compared)

    http://www.zaytuna.org/academy.asp

    http://www.isim.nl/files/Dissertation_Winkelmann.pdf (page 146 onward)

    http://arabicgems.wordpress.com/cate...bic-bookshelf/

    http://www.isim.nl/files/Dissertation_Winkelmann.pdf

    http://www.esnips.com/doc/8287e5c8-c...Hadeeth,-Yemen

    http://www.hum.uu.nl/medewerkers/m.v...tab_kuning.pdf (Malay/Indonesian educational system)

    http://www.sunniforum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=5788

    http://www.sunniforum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=10324 (Classical Sarf Texts)

    http://lisanularab.org/forums/showthread.php?t=29 [this website is a true gold mine of information]
    Last edited by Sunni_Student786; 04-05-2012 at 08:22 PM. Reason: I had Mulhat il Irab listed twice and forgot to list Hidaayat an Nahw


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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    You are most welcome and may Allah reward you as well.

    (P.S. I would bookmark some of those URLs that I listed as you will probably find them very helpful).


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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    I was listening to a talk by Hamza Yusuf yesterday and he made mention of an advanced book called Thaalibi Fiqh Al Lugha, and how the fiqh of lugha is rarely studied these days.

    I was just wondering where would a book such as this fit in amongst those books mentioned above or in the typical dars nizami syllabus? If at all this is taught anymore...


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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    My brother faisal, just in case you were interested in acquiring both the book you referenced and another and devoted to the same subject, I think you should take a look at this link:

    http://attahawi.com/2009/12/06/kitab...r-al-thaalabi/


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    Default Re: The Arabic Sciences

    Jz for the link, I came across that too when I googled the book title.

    I noticed the lists above of the order in which books are normally studied was actually compiled by you! Where would you say a book such as this would fit in, with regards to the balagah list above?


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