Maulana Mohammad Ali Johar, a founder of the Khilafat movement said about the Khilafah:
“The ruler of Turkey was the Khalifah or successor of the Prophet and Amir -ul- Mu’mineen or chief of the believers and the Khilafah is as essentially our religious concern as the Quran or the Sunnah of the Prophet." [Johar, Mohammed Ali, My Life a Fragment pg.41]
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad wrote a book in 1920 called ‘The Issue of Khilafat’, he stated: “Without the Khilafah the existence of Islam is not possible, the Muslims of India with all their effort and power need to work for this.”
In the same book page 176 Maulana Azad said: “There are two types of ahkam shariah, the first is related to the individual like the commands and prohibitions, the fara’id (obligations) and wajibat in order to perfect oneself. The second is not related to the individual but is related to the Ummah, nation, collective obligations and state politics like the conquering of lands, political and economic laws.”
The following are some key points from a declaration made at a conference held for the UIema in India on 5th & 6th April 1920, in which many Ulema and people attended:
¨ Point 1 of the declaration: The Ulema must work to establish a public opinion for the issue of Khilafah.
¨ Point 2: The hypocrite (munafiq) scholars and those scholars against this issue must be boycotted.
¨ Point 7: The Ulema must obtain an oath from their followers that they will exert their lives and hearts by speaking and writing in support of the issue of Khilafah.
¨ Point 9: Muslims must keep away from the constitutional elections.
The following are some points from the declaration made at the 2nd All India Conference of Jamiat al Ulema Hind, held on 19 & 20th November 1920 in Delhi:
1. The English are the biggest enemy of Islam and the Muslims and to oppose them is Fard.
2. Protecting the Ummah and protecting the Khilafah is a pure Islamic need. If brothers in this country help and cooperate for this issue, many thanks to them for this.
The students of Maulana Mahmud al Hassan from Dar al-ulum Deoband under his guidance left the dar al-ulum under his guidance and went from city to city, village to village to collect money for the Balkan war which the Khilafah was fighting in 1912. They collected a huge amount and many people from the Ummah left their homes for this cause. Every day Maulana Mahmud used to quote a hadith about Jihad, this motivated the students greatly to the extent that some people even called for the closing of the Dar al-ulum. People said by doing these actions we will be seen in a bad light by the government. Maulana Mahmud replied to this, this also happened in the time of my teacher (Ustadh) and his reply was, ‘The dar al-ulum was established to look after the Deen, if the Deen is harmed then what is the point of the dar al-ulum’. The account of the money collected by them for the Balkan war was published in the famous paper at that time ‘Pesha Lahore’.