Brother mind&soul4Allah posted:
Extracting Law and Taqleed:
There are certain commandments in the Quran and Sunnah which a lay person can understand. For example:
"Do not back bite" (Surah al-Hujaraat: 12)
There are some statements which seem to contradict other verses of the Quran or a Hadith. For example, the Prophet S.A.W said in a Hadith:
"Whoever has an Imam, then the Imam's recitation is his recitation."
This seems to indicate while the Imam is reciting in Salaat, the follower should remain silent.
However, another Hadith says:
"There is no salaat for he who does not recite Surah Al-Fatiha."
This seems to indicate that everyone should recite Surah Fatiha. The question arises whether the first Hadith should be taken as the primary sourch referring to the Imam or the one who offers salaat individually and the second Hadith explained as a corrobborating evidence; or should we make the second hadith the base and the first Hadith refers to the Imam's recitation after he recites Surah Fatiha.
Needless to say from the above examples, the process of extrapolating rules from the Quran and Sunnah can be complicated. One soultion is that we exercise our understanding and insight in such issues in order to make our judgments and rulings. Another solution could be that instead of making independent rulings ourselves, we look into what the predecessors ruled concering these issues.