Son of great Islamic scholar Sheikhul Islam Hadhrat Maulana Syed Husain Ahmed Madani (1879-1957), the 67-year old Maulana Syed Arshad Madani, who teaches Hadees at Daru Uloom Deoband, succeeded his elder brother Maulana Syed Asad Madani following his passing away on February 8, 2006 as President of the 86-year old Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind.
Born in 1941 Maulana Syed Arshad Madani got the entire Quran by heart at the age of only eight years and the first man to listen to his hifz was his father himself. Later on, after completing the five-year course of Persian as per the then rule of Darul Uloom, Deoband, he began Arabic education in 1955, and took admission there in 1959. He completed his Hadees studies in 1963.
He was taught and trained by great Islamic scholars like Qari Asghar Ali, Maulana Syed Fakhruddin Moradabadi, Maulana Ezaz Ali, Allama Mohammed Ibrahim Balyavi, Maulana Jaleel Ahmed Kairanvi, Maulana Akhtar Husain Deobandi and Maulana Waheeduzzaman Kairanvi.
He went to Madinah and spent there 14 months before joining as a teacher of Hadees at Jamia Qasmia, Gaya (Bihar) in 1965. Later, he shifted in 1969 to Jamia Qasmia Madarsa Shahi, Moradabad (UP). He joined Darul Uloom, Deoband in 1982 and since then continues to teach Hadees there. Even after shouldering the responsibility of the president of Jamiat in February, 2006, he manages to go to Deoband every week and devote three days to his favourite work of teaching. He is a member of the working committee of Jamiat since 1984.
As a man of letters, he takes interest in the scholarly works since very beginning. He is credited to render his father Sheikhul Islam Maulana Husain Ahmed Madani’s Urdu Tafseer-e-Quran (Commentary of Quran) into Hindi in two volumes in 1991 after a long dedication of eleven years. His other intellectual works include the 722-page analysis of Ibn Wahban’s papers “Aqadul Faraed Fi Takmil Qaidus Sharaet (in Fiqah Hanfi)” in two volumes; 10 out of 13 volumes of analysis of Hafiz Badruddin Aini’s unique papers “Nakhbul Afkar Fi Tanqih Moba Nil Akhbar Fi Sharah M’anil A’sar” after locating it from an Egyptian library; and his father’s autobiography “Naqsh-e-Hayat” form Urdu into Arabic.
He also spares time for social works. He is the person to introduce contemporary education in a religious environment through Maulana Madani Memorial English Medium School and other educational institutions as well as ITIs under the Madani Charitable Trust, founded in 1997. He heads a number of Islamic seminaries and bodies.