[Talfiq is of four types]:
a) Mixing madhabs for separate acts that have no
direct link or dependency between them. For example,
fasting sawm like a Hanafi and praying salah like a Maliki.
b) Mixing madhabs for separate acts that are dependent
on one another. For example, doing wudu' like a Hanafi
(not wiping the entire head hair) and then praying like
c) Mixing madhabs within the same act but in a way that the
final act is acceptable in at least one school. For example,
crossing hands in the prayer like a Hanafi but praying like
a Maliki otherwise (as leaving the hands dangling to the
side is just a non-essential fadilah)).
d) Mixing madhabs within the same act but in a way that the
final act is *not* acceptable in any school. For example,
following the Maliki ruling of Zakat not being wajib on
personal gold/silver jewelry but calculating one's Zakat owed like
a Hanafi who allows one to take into account advance Zakat money given
last year. Thus, this person will gain from not paying Zakat
on his personal gold/silver jewelry and also gain from
his advance Zakat credits from last year (the latter of which is
not allowed in the Maliki school).
The majority of the scholars (jumhur) are of the view that (a) is
permissible. There is difference of opinion about whether (b) and
(c) above is permissible. And there is almost total agreement that
(d) is not permissible.
We are narrating the opinion that (a), (b), and (c) are permissible
while (d) is not permissible.