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Thread: ANSWERED: Is it premissble to fast Saturdays and Sunday?

  1. #1
    Member Abdullah_Faysal's Avatar
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    Default ANSWERED: Is it premissble to fast Saturdays and Sunday?

    Can we fast you days?
    Can you fast both days or only one?
    [3] Neither your relatives nor your children will benefit you on the Day of Resurrection (against All‚h). He will judge between you. And All‚h is the All-Seer of what you do.

    Narrated Ma'qil ibn Yasar

    The Prophet said, "If anyone says three times in the morning, 'I seek refuge in Allah, the Hearer and Knower, from the accursed devil', and recites three verses at the end of surat al-Hashr, Allah will put in charge of him seventy thousand angels who will invoke blessings on him till the evening, and if he dies that day he will die as a martyr. If anyone says them in the evening he will be in that rank."

    Tirmidhi and Darimi transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a gharib tradition.

  2. #2
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    as far as i know a muslim can fast for any and every day, except the two eids when it is actually haram to fast. await pastes, refs, links
    The reason for all trouble on earth, is that people have lost sight of their Lordís Will behind all events. They have lost sight of the hand of the One Who is testing them through those events. They have stopped seeing events as tests from their Lord. Therefore they continue failing those tests. "

  3. #3
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    Apr 2005


    bismillah irra7maan irra7eem, wal7amdulillahi rabb il3aalameen

    In the school of Imam Ash-Shaafi'i, it is haram to fast on the 2 eids, the 3 tashreeq days after eid al-Adha, the last half of Sha'ban, and the day of doubt (the day after the 29th of Sha'ban, when no trustworthy source has seen the crescent, and therefore Ramadan is not confirmed to have begun). However, you may fast during the last half of sha'ban if this fasting is connected to earlier fasting (like if you fast mondays and thursdays regularly), if you must make up fasting days, or if this fasting is to fulfill a vow.

    As for Saturdays and Sundays, I do not know.... Allahu a'lam.

  4. #4
    Scholar Zain121's Avatar
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    Jun 2004
    Leicester, UK


    As Salaamu Alaykum,

    As much as fasting is one of the most important pillars of Al-Islam, there are certain days during which the Lawgiver prohibited the believer to fast.

    1. The two 'Eids
    There are two annual celebrations in Islam: `Eidul Fitr and `Eidul Adha. These `Eids symbolize the period of happiness when Muslims all over the world commemorate the festivities with the praise of Allah and public prayers after which they go home to feast with family and friends. Obviously, fasting and the `Eid do not mix. If it is `Eidul-Fitr, the fast-breaking feast, how could one celebrate the ending of the annual fast period with a fast? And if it is `Eidul Adha, Festivity of Sacrifice, how could one sacrifice an animal and not eat it?

    This is why the majority of Muslims agreed that fasting on the days of `Eid is prohibited. If you have to make up a fast, it should not be on these days. In a hadith related by Umar bin Al-Khattab (raa), he said: "The Messenger of Allah (saas) prohibited fasting on these two days: on the day of fast-breaking, because you have just broken your fast of Ramadan; and on the day of sacrifice you are supposed to eat from your sacrifice." (Ahmed and others)

    2. Three Days Following `Eidul Adha, The Days of Tashreeq.
    The days of Tashreeq are the three days following `Eidul Adha. These three days are the most important days as far as the festivity of `Eid and public display of happiness are concerned. Muslims usually take off work and visit other Muslims to share this happiness with them. These are the days of giving gifts to the family, relatives, and the needy.

    Abu Hurairah (raa) reported the Prophet (saas) sent Abdullah bin Huzaifah (raa) to go around Mina to announce to the pilgrims, "Do not fast these days (three days after 'Arafah). These are days of eating and drinking and remembrance of Allah (SWT)." (Ahmed).

    Although the hadith addressed the congregation of pilgrims, it's meaning and implication are general to every Muslim who is being advised not to observe fast on these days. This is the understanding of the majority of scholars. The minority said if one vowed to expiate, or make up his fast, he may fast during these days. The majority responded that the minority opinion is good but it has no proof that it would be okay to fast during these days.

    3. Singling Out Friday for Fasting
    Friday, Jum'ah, is a weekly festival for Muslims. They celebrate with congregational prayer and meeting each other. The Lawgiver, (Shaare'e) prohibited singling it out with the observance of fast. This is why the scholars said: This is an exception or undesired prohibition, Makruuh, not of the same strength as the absolute prohibition of Haram; that is, one can observe it, provided that the Friday fast is cushioned by fasting the day before and the day after, or that Friday occurs on the day of 'Arafah, or on the tenth of Muharram, as these are days whose fast is highly encouraged.

    The prohibition here rests on the hadith related by Abdullah Ibn 'Umar (raa), who said: "The Prophet (saas) visited his wife Juwayrah bint Harith and found her fasting on Friday. He asked her, "Did you fast yesterday?" "No," she replied. He asked again: "Do you plan to fast tomorrow?" she replied, "No." He said: "Then, break your fast." (Ahmed)

    In another hadith reported by 'Amir Al-Ashairee (raa): ``I heard the Prophet say `Friday is your day of feast, so do not observe it in fasting unless you fast a day before and a day after.'" Jabir bin Abdullah (raa) related: The Prophet (saas) said: "Do not single out Jum'ah night among the nights for nightly prayer (Tahajjud), nor single out Friday for fasting unless it happens to coincide with fasting that you are accustomed to." (Muslim)

    These hadiths are proof that the prohibition is with the condition that a believer has set his mind to fast only Friday. The desire to single out this otherwise important day with undue emphasis is what the Lawgiver wants to prevent. A Muslim does not live only for Jum'ah. One can see that in other religions, only certain days are accorded any religious significance while the rest of the days are relegated for secular pursuits.

    4. Singling Out Saturday for Fast
    For the very reason why we are forbidden to single our Friday for fasting, we are also prohibited to fast only on Saturdays or, in that case, only on Sundays. But there is also another reason. Saturday is the weekly festival for the Jews as Sunday is for the Christians. Islam has encouraged and instructed the believers to stay away and not lend any religious significance to these two days. We do not fast on our day of feast. We can fast on the day of their feast but without singling it out. This is why the statement prohibiting the customs of Saturday fasting is very strong. The Prophet (saas) said: "Do not fast on Saturday, unless it is part of what Allah has prescribed for you. If you could not find anything to eat but a grape skin or a piece of wood, you should chew it." (Ahmed) The Prophet's wife Umm Salmah (raa) stated: "The Prophet used to observe Saturday and Sunday with fasting (along with other days), and would say, `These are the `Eids of polytheists and I like to differ with them.'" This hadith implies that a believer should not lend spiritual significance to the religious festivities of non-Muslims.

    5. No Fasting on the Day of Doubt (Yawmush-Shakk)
    I mentioned earlier that intention (niyyah), is one of the two important elements of fasting. It implies certainty or an effort to ascertain the day of fast. There is no such thing as saying that `I will fast if it happens to be Ramadan.' That shaky assumption is not accepted in starting the Fast, and it is known as sawm yawmush-shakk. In a athar reported from `Amaar bin Yaasir (raa) he said: "Whoever fasts the day he is doubtful (whether it is the first day or not or the last day of Ramadan or not), he has disobeyed the Messenger of Allah (Aba Qasim)." (Tirmidhi)

    Fasting in this manner, even if the day is correct, is not valid. Abu-Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "Do not fast a day or two before Ramadan, unless that fast coincides with a fast the person usually observes. In that case, he may fast that day." (Muslim/ Bukhari)

    On the authority of this hadith, many scholars forbid a man or woman to decide in doubt. No matter what is the outcome, that day would have to be redeemed.

    6. No Fasting for Life (Sawmud-Dahr)
    The essence of Islam and its noble teachings always take into account the general interests and welfare, al-maslahah, of Muslims. Thus, the prohibition of fasting for a whole year or for life, for the simple reason that it may lead to one's physical ruin or religious asceticism. Both are vehemently rejected by Islam; and to relegate Islam to such ascetic, rigid abstinence would undoubtedly infringe on the believer's other religious and social obligations. The Messenger of Allah (saas) has been reported as saying: "No fast for whoever fasts forever." (Muslim and Bukhari)

    Inferring from this hadith, the scholars say that if the fast is interrupted during the days of the `Eids and three days following them there is no prohibition. They cited another Hadith in which the Prophet (saas) advised Hamzah Al Aslami (raa) to continue his fast, when he said to him: "Fast, if you so desire, and break." The preference for anyone who would like to fast that much is to fast the fast of Prophet David, who has been reported as fasting one day and breaking the next.

    7. No Married Woman Should Fast without the Consent of her Husband
    If a wife decides to fast a voluntary fast, it is incumbent upon her to inform her husband and seek his permission, because he may be desiring her during his fast and cannot fulfil his desire, because she is fasting. In addition, he may be tempted to commit a sin. This prohibition rests on the hadith reported by Abu Hurairah (raa) that the Prophet (saas) said: "Women should not fast one day while her husband is present, without his permission, except in Ramadan." (Muslim, Bukhari and others)
    The above article contains the days in which fasting is prohibited. However, if a day in which fasting has been recommended, falls on either friday, saturday or sunday, then there is no harm in one keeping that fast. In fact, it is recommended as it will be in respect of that big day and not the weekly day (ie. Friday, Saturday or Sunday).

    Furthermore, it has been mentioned that the last portion of Sha'baan is such that one should not fast in them. The reason for this prohibition is because it may weaken the servant of Allah and make him so weak that he may miss the obligatory fasts of Ramadhan. However, if he has the habit of fasting, say Mondays and Thursdays, then there is no reason why he cannot fast in the last portion of that month if he does not fear of becoming weak.

    Quote Originally Posted by Abdullah_Faysal
    Can we fast you days?
    Can you fast both days or only one?
    In conclusion, the answer to your question is: One may fast on saturday as long as it is followed by sunday, or preceeded by Friday. It is undesirable to fast Friday, Saturday or Sunday Alone.

    And Allah Knows Best.

    Last edited by Zain121; 15-05-2005 at 12:02 PM.
    "You have to be the change you wish to see in the world"

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