bismillah al Rahman'ul Raheem
This small research is about Imam Zaid Bin Ali ZainulAbedeen Bin Al Hussein Bin Ali Bin AbiTalib PBUH a member of ahlulbayt (Household of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) from The Progeny of our Prophet from his daughter Fatima PBUT.
The followers of Imam Zaid pbuh are called the Zaidi Shiites or Zaidiyah and they are known by many scholars in the Arab world as being “the Shia of the Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Shia”because they are moderate & their Fiqh is based on the Quran,the Sunnah and The Ijtihad. As for the Houthis of Yemen or the Houthiyah mvmnt they are a terrorist organization or militia led by a certain family and they have a long history of working with the Zionists against President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt and today they are just an extension of the Twelver Rafidah mvmnt of Iran, The Connection between The Zaidi and Rafidhi Shiites was broken during the Revolution of Imam Zaid PBUH.
The following Narration is accepted by the mainstream muslims and the Zaidi Shiites and it illustrates the split between the two teams of Shiites:
الامام الشهيد زيد بن علي عندما بدأ يستعد لقتال بني اميه تجمع اليه اصحابه فأمرهم الامام بسيرة النبي صلى الله عليه واله وسلم وسيرة الامام علي عليه السلام فقال له
بعض من اصحابه : قد سمعنا مقالتك فما قولك في الشيخين ؟
الامام زيد: ما عساي ان اقول فيهما امنا بالله وجاهدا في الله حق جهاده وصحبا رسول الله احسن الصحبه .
بعض اصحاب الامام : أليس هذان الشيخان هما من سلبا حق ابيك (يقصدوا الامام علي ) فأخذ الناس هذا الامر سنه منهم وإلا فلماذا تقاتل بني اميه اذا أليس لانهم سلبوكم حقكم ؟!.
الامام زيد : لا والله ليس بنو اميه كابي بكر وابن الخطاب لقد أقاما الدين وانهوا البدع ونشروا العدل والصلاح بين الامه وبنو اميه ضالمون لكم ولي وللناس هم من قتلوا الحسين واهل بيته هم من يقومون بالفساد والبدع .
بعض اصحابه : لا بد لك أن تبرا من الشيخين ؟
الامام زيد : لا والله لا ابرأ منهما ما سمعت احدا من اهل بيتي يبرأ منهم
بعض اصحابه : إما أن تبرا من الشيخين والا رفضناك ؟
الامام زيد : اذهبوا فأنتم الرافضه .
ولم يقاتلوا مع الامام زيد فليف نون من اتباع الامام زيد ثم نكون رافضه
When Imam Zaid PBUH was getting ready to revolt against the Umayyad Ruler Hashim he was approached by a group of those who called themselves the Shiites of ahlulbayt.
“Shiites: We heard your Call, what say you of the two Sheikhs (Shaykhan / Abu Bakr & Umar)?
Imam Zaid: What Can I Say about Them, They Believed in Allah and fought In his cause a Truthful Jihad, They were The Prophet’s Best Companions.
Shiites: Aren’t they the ones who took the right of your fathers? If not then why do you fight the Umayyads?
Imam: By God the Umayyads are unlike Abu bakr and Ibn al Khattab, They have strengthened the religion and erased the innovations and spread justice and goodness in the Ummah Whereas the Umayyads have oppressed Me, You and the Ummah They (Yazid) are the killers of Hussein and his family and have spread innovations and misguidance amongst the people.
Shiites: You must disassociate yourself from the two sheikhs.
Imam: By Allah I will Not! Nor have I heard that any from my family have done so.
Shiites: Either you disassociate yourself from them or we Refuse(Rafidah) you.
Imam: Go for you are the Rafidhah!!! (Refusors).”
Some researchers have even theorized that the Shiites who deserted Imam Zaid PBUH didn’t really do it because of Abu bakr or Umar RAA but they did so after seeing the large army of Hisham bin Abdul Malik so they just wanted a way out thus asking The Imam about The Two sheikhs when they already knew his opinion beforehand.
So the Imam Zaid PBUH fought the war after a big part of his Shiites abandoned him and he got killed while those Shiites went to torment his brother Muhammad al Baqir PBUH and his son.
While The Zaidis criticize the Umayyads and any ruler who oppresses yet they don’t believe in the God given right of Imamah or infallibility of the Imams or any of the Twelverrafidhi stories, they love the first four caliphs just like any other Muslim and their top scholars like Dr. Murtada Bin Zaid al Muhatwari“مرتضى ابن زيد المحطوري” teach SahihBukhari and SahihMuslim in theirMadrasas(Schools).
His Website: http://www.almahatwary.org/p3.htm
The following information is from the book of Dr. Ali al Salabi “الدكتور علي الصلابي” called“Al Dawlah al UmawiyahAwamil al IzdiharwaTada’iyat el Inhiyar “الدولة الأموية عوامل الإزدهار وتداعيات الإنهيار” on the fourth part about Revolutions during the time of Hisham Bin Abdul Malik “هشام بن عبدالملك” he says That: Zaid Bin Ali PBUH is connected to the Prophet PBUH from his cousin Ali PBUH and his Daughter Fatima PBUH and was nicknamed “Aba’l Hussein”, he was of the Men of the third level From the followers (tabe’een) in Madinah, his mother was a slave from Sindh called Umm Walad, some narrations mention that Al Mukhtar Bin AbiUbayd al thakafi “المختار بن أبي عبيد الثقفي” Favored her and bought her then he found that she fits Imam Ali ZainulAbedeen perfectly so he offered her as a gift and Imam Zaid complimented her by Saying “She was patient after the death of her Sayyed and none was more patient” “لقد صبرت بعد وفاة سيدها إذ لم يصبر غيرها”, Fatima Bint Al Hussein said about her “By Allah she was a good Relative” “أما والله لنعم دخيلة القوم”, IbnQutayba “ابن قتيبة” narrates that her name was “haydan” “حيدان” or “ام حيدان” . The Father of the Imam was Ali ZainulAbedeen who was a man of the second level of followers in Madinah and was a scholar from ahlulbayt and one of the best of BaniHashim, the most famous narrations state that the Imam PBUH was born in 80 hijri and died in 122 hijri so he lived 44 years and in other narrations 42 years, he married ArbatahbintAbiHashim Bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Al Hanafiyah “أربطة بنت أبي هاشم بن عبدالله بن محمد بن الحنفية” and from her he got his son Yahya then later in Kufah he married others, the first was called IbnatYa’aqoob Bin Abdullah al Sulami from BaniFarqad “أبنة يعقوب بن عبدالله السلمي من بني فرقد” then Ibnat Abdullah bin Abi Al Anbas Al Asadi “أبنة عبدالله بن أبي العنبس الأسدي” and finally Umm Walad who gave him his sons Isa, Hussein and Muhammad.
The first difference between Imam Zaid PBUH and his father Ali PBUH is that the first was more of a revolutionary while the second was very peaceful and never rebelled against the Umayyad rulers of his time, maybe this was because Ali witnessed the horrors of Karbala that happened to his family at the Hands of Yazeed and Ziyadwhich is why he decided to spend his time learning and studying whereas Zaid heard only tales and was the complete opposite of his father and brother Muhammad al Baqir PBUH. According to the Zaidi scholars Muhammad Al Baqir PBUH advised his brother to not rebel against Hisham but Zaid never listened as he was a Man with great vision and dreams, he never stayed in Madinah(Like his father and big brother)which was known as the fort of ahlulbayt at that time but he left to gather knowledge from many cities and lands like Iraq after the people of Kufah wrote him letters just like they wrote for his fathers before him.
Dr.Ali al Salabi describes Madinah al Munawarah at the Time of Zaid That it was a Minaret of Knowledge because of the big number of companions and followers that resided in it, it was one of the pivot points of the Islamic state. The Imam grew up in a home of ahlulbayt full of knowledge as his father was one of the biggest of the Tabe’een(Followers) of his time and Zaid spent eighteen years with his father before he passed away then his big brother Muhammad PBUH took care of him and brought him up as a pious Believer who loved reciting the Quran and pleasing his lord.
Imam Zaid Said about himself:
والله ما كذبت كذبة منذ عرفت يميني من شمالي ولا أنتهكت محرما لله عز وجل منذ أن عرفت أن الله يؤاخذني
Translated: By Allah I never told a Lie since I realized my right from my left nor have I violated a Mahram for Allah since I knew that he forbids it.
It was in this religious environment full of taqwa that The Imam Grew up and he memorized the Quran as this was the habit of the companions and the followers to make their children memorize the Quran at a young age; the Quran was the main occupation of Zaid as he said:
لقد خلوت بالقرآن الكريم ثلاثة عشرة سنة أقرأه وأتدبره..
Translated: I devoted thirteen years of my life studying and learning the Quran..
At the Time of the Imam there was a problem in the Islamic community and it was related to the politics and the leadership. The Shura(mutual consultation) which prevailed during the time of companions transformed to the domination of those with more power and leadership became hereditary as a result of the huge expansion of the Islamic state. Scholars like Imam Zaid PBUH worked their hardest to try and fix the situation of the Ummahby their Ijtihad… The Imam adopted a specific school of Scientific Ijtihad in order to fix the mind of his Ummah and thus the relation between him and the Mu’utazilimvmnt came to light after he and Wasil Bin Ata’a “واصل بن عطاء”started writing to eachother and thus some political alliances were formed and we see clearly that the Imam was taking both the Educational and political approaches to remedy this issue.
Caliph Hisham Bin Abdul Malik was in power when Imam Zaid did the Revolution and the famous scholar Al Thahabee described him by Saying: “He was Calm, decisive, Smart and a Good Politician, He Often Oppressed but also did justice at other times”. But I guess The Biggest mistake he did was keeping all the money for himself and never spent on the peoplewhich is a problem we tend to face with leaders in our days and from experience this is more than enough reason to rebel against anyone also many famous figures supported this revolution such as Imam Abu Hanifah RAA.
For those who do not know, Imam Abu Hanifah also supported the Revolution of Abdullah bin al Hassan and his two sons Muhammad and Ibrahim against Al Mansoor.
Imam Ja’afar al Sadiq PBUH also had a really strong relation with his uncle Imam Zaid PBUH and this is illustrated by several Hadiths such as the one written in the book of Doctor Al Salabi:
يقول في كتاب الدكتور الصلابي كان جعفر يثنى على عمه زيد ويقدره وكانت العلاقة بينهما طيبه فلقد قال جعفر عن عمه كما يروى لنا عمر ابن القاسم قال دخلت على جعفر الصادق وعنده ناس من الرافضه وفقلت انهم يبرون من عمك قال الامام جعفر الصادق برى الله ممن تبرى منه كان والله اقرائنا لكتاب الله وافقهنا في دين الله واصلنا للرحم ما تركنا وفينا مثله
Translated: Ja’afar appreciated and used to compliment his uncle Zaid as narrated by Umar Bin al Qassem: “I entered on Ja’afar al Sadik and he had some people of the Rafidah so I told him that those people disassociate themselves from your uncle Then Imam Ja’afar said: May Allah Disassociate himself from those who disassociate themselves from my uncle, By Allah he was the one who read the Quran more than any of us and had more fiqh than any of us and kept the family united, none of us were like him.
It is also written that Imam Ja’afar used to hold the ropes of his uncle’s camel/horse and he used to fix his clothes as he rode on the saddle, It is also recorded that Ja’afar unlike his father was supportive of his uncle’s rebellion against the Caliph and had asked his uncle for permission to accompany him out to Kufah from Madinah in this Hadith:
فعندما اراد زيد الخروج الى الكوفه من المدينة قال له جعفر انا معك ياعم فقال زيد او ما علمت ان قائمنا لقاعدنا وقاعدنا لقائمنا فاذا خرجت انا وانت فمن يخلفنا في حرمنا فتخلف جعفر بامر عمه زيد
Above Ja’afar asks his uncle for permission to leave but his uncle tells him to be his Caliph in his Haram(in Madinah) while he is absent.
وذكر الطبولي وابن الاثير ان جماعة من الشيعه قبل خروج زيد مروا على جعفر الصادق فقالوا لهان زيد بن علي فينا يبايع افترى لنا ان نبايعه فقال لهم نعم بايعوه فهو والله افضلنا وسيدنا وخيرنا فجاؤا فكتموا ما امرهم به
Translated: Al Tubuli and IbnAtheer narrated that a group of Shiites passed by Ja’afar al Sadiq before Zaid took off and they told him that Zaid bin Ali was looking for baya’ah(their allegiance to him) so should they give him the Baya’ah Then Al Sadiq told them: Yes give him the Baya’ah for he is our Sayyed and the best from amongst us. Then when they came they concealed this order from him.
وكان جعفر الصادق يدعو لعمه بالنصروالتاييد فعندما ارد يحيى اللحوق بابيه زيد قال له جعفر اقراه عني السلام وقل له اني اسأل الله ان ينصرك ويبقيك ولا يرينا فيك مكروها
Translated: Ja’afar al Sadik used to make Dua for his uncle so that Allah may grant him victory so when Yahya wanted to follow his father Zaid, Ja’afar told him: “deliver my Salam to him and tell him that I ask Allah that he grant him Victory and keep you safe from harm”.
And when News of Zaid’s martyrdom reached the ears of Ja’afar al Sadiq he said:
قال ذهب والله زيد بن علي كما ذهب علي والحسن والحسين واصحابهم شهيدا الى الجنة
Translated: By Allah Zaid Bin Ali has gone just like Ali and Hassan and Hussein and their companions went, all of them martyrs to heaven.
Another one of the big Zaidi scholars is Ahmed Muhammad al Shami “احمد محمد الشامي” which says in the fourth volume of his book:
اما من ادعى ان الامام زيد بن علي كان يرى لنفسه ولأسرته ولنسبه تميزا خاص في موضوع الامامه واحقيته واسرته بهذا فهذا كلام مرفوض لا ادري كيف وصل الى من يقوم هذا الامر ويدعيه بأسم الزيديه
Translated: “For those claiming that The Imam Zaid Bin Ali PBUH saw himself or his family as something special when it comes to Imamah or his family’s divine right to rule Then this is absolutely refused and I have no clue how some people can say this in the name of our ZaidiMadhab or where they got these ideas from.”
So just like the big Zaidi scholar Murtada Bin Zaidal Muhatwari says, there are no texts or narrations from Imam Zaid bin Ali PBUH where he claims that he is an infallible Imam or that any of his family members are infallible Imams with a divine right to rule over others or that they have any advantages over other Muslims because of some “pure bloodline”.
The Famous 6th century Scholar Nashwan bin Sa’eed al Hamiree “نشوان ابن سعيد الحميري” in his popular book “Al Hoor al Ein” “الحور العين” and the Other Big Zaidi Scholar Ahmad Bin Yahya al Murtada “احمد ابن يحيى المرتضى” who lived in the 8th century and wrote “Al ManiyahwalAmalfilMilalwalNihal” “المنية والامل في الملل والنحل” has this text under “The Description of the first Shias”:
يقول هم اؤلئك الذين ناصروا الامام علي في خصوماته ولكنهم لم يختلفوا عن بقية الامه في شيئ من عقائدها وكانوا يقولوا بأمامة وخلافة ابى بكر وعمر وعثمان
Translated: “(The first Shias) Are those who supported the Imam Ali in his conflicts but they never differed from the rest of the Ummah(Nation) in their Aqeedah(Doctrine/Creed) and they believed in the Imamah and Caliphate of Abu bakr& Umar &Uthman.”
So Both of these two huge 6th and 8th century Zaidi Scholars repeat the same text which clearly explains what and who are the true Shias that lived in the Days of companions. Nashwan bin Sa’eed further discusses the “Imamah” and states that it is a matter of Shura(mutual consultation) amongst the Muslims.
Now Dr.Ali al Salabi writes quite a bit about The Father of Imam Zaid (Ali ZainulAbedeen) in his book and I will translate an interesting narration in his book which shows his relation with the companions of The Prophet PBUH:
الدكتور علي الصلابي : كان علي زين العابدين شديد التمسك بالكتاب والسنة وماكان عليه جده علي بن أبي طالب وأبوه الحسين الشهيد رضي الله عنهم لا يحيد عنه قيد أن ملة في عقيدة أو عبادة وعمل كان كثير التبتل والورع وكان حسن الرأي للشيخين أبي بكر وعمر وبالخليفة الراشد عثمان رضي الله عنهم جميعا، كان شديد الحب لهم والتقدير لأعمالهم شديد الحب للصحابة أجمعين، فلما أظهر بعض المتسلسلين بآل البيت الطعن بأبي بكر وعمر تصدى لهم الأمام علي زين العابدين ففضح مكرهم وأظهر البراءة منهم فعن أبي حازم المدني قال : مارأيت هاشميا أفقه من علي بن الحسين سمعته وقد سُئل كيف كانت منزلة أبي بكر وعمر عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ؟ فأشار بيده إلى القبر وقال : بمنزلتهما منه الساعة
Brief Translation: … When a few intruders who claim to be his(ZainulAbedeen) Shiites started attacking Abu Bakr and Umar he stood up against them and distanced himself from them after exposing their lies and schemes, AbiHazim al Madani narrated: “I never saw a Hashimi(Sub-Tribe of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) who has more Fiqh(Knowledge) than Ali Bin al Hussein as I heard him say when he was asked about the rank/status of Abu Bakr and Umar in the Sight of the Prophet PBUH, he pointed with his hand to the graves and said: They still hold the same rank today(All buried next to each other).
A Narration about Imam Zaid’s brother Muhammad al Baqir PBUT:
الامام جعفر الصادق ابن محمد الباقر عن أبيه قال جاء رجل إلى أبي جاء رجل إلى الامام محمد الباقر فقال : أخبرني عن أبي بكر ؟ قال : عن الصديق تسأل ؟ أستغرب السائل ورد وقال وتسميه الصديق ؟ قال الامام محمد الباقر : ثكلتك أمك قد سماه صديقا من هو خير مني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم والمهاجرون والأنصار فمن لم يسمه صديقا فلا صدق الله قوله إذهب فأحب أبابكر وعمر وتولهما فما كان من أمر ففي عنقي
Translation: Imam Ja’afar al Sadik narrated from his father, he said A Man came to my father Muhammad al Baqir PBUH and said: Tell me of Abu Bakr, Al Baqir Said: You Ask about the Sideeq?, The Man responded while a bit confused: You call him Sideeq? Imam Replied: May your mother forsake you! He was called Al Sideek by he who is far better than you and me, by the Prophet of Allah PBUH and the Muhajirun and the Ansars. He who does not call him a Sideeq may Allah Not guide him to the truth, You Must Love Abu Bakr and Umar and be their Walias I’m responsible for what I say.
وعن محمد بن علي عن أبيه قال: قدم قوم من العراق فجلسوا إليّ فذكروا أبا بكر وعمر فسبوهما ثم ابتركوا في عثمان إبتراكا فشتمتهم
Translation: Muhammad Bin Ali narrated from his Father: some people from Al Iraq came and sat with me then they mentioned Abu Bakr and Umar and insulted them, then they humiliated UthmanSo I Insulted them.
وقال علي بن الحسين : والله ماقُتل عثمان رضي الله عنه على وجه الحق
Translation: Muhammad Narrated from his Father Ali bin Hussein: By Allah UthmanMay Allah be pleased with him was never killed by those who sought after justice.
Ali ZainulAbedeen PBUH used to also correct the false beliefs of someMuslims such as in this narration:
علي زين العابدين بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب قال جاءني رجل فقال : جئتك في حاجة وماجئت حاجا ولامعتمرا قلت وماهي ؟ قال: جئتك لأسألك متى يُبعث علي ؟ فقلت : يبعث والله يوم القيامة ثم تهمه نفسه
Translation: Ali ZainulAbedeen Said that a Man came to him and said: I came to ask something of you, I asked what it was and The Man said: I came to ask you when will Ali be resurrected? Then I replied: By Allah it will be on the judgment day and then he will only be concerned about himself.
Ali ZainulAbedeen was also against the Ghulu(extreme love) of some people to ahlulbayt:
وقال : ايها الناس أحبونا حب الإسلام فما بر حبنا حبُكم حتى صار علينا عارا
ZainulAbedeen said: O people! Love us like you love in Islam and do not go to extremes as it will burden us.
Ali Bin al Hussein PBUH was also one of the most loved of ahlulbayt of his time and was favored by the two Caliphs Marwan and abdul Malik and used to pray behind them without Taqiyyah.
فعن أبي جعفر قال : إنا اصلي خلفهم يعني الامويين من غير تقية وأشهد على أبي أنه كان يصلي خلفهم من غير تقية
AbiJa’afar Narrated: I prayed behind them (Umayyads) without Taqiyyah and I bare witness that my father also did so without Taqiyyah.
Many more narrations like these can be found in the Main books of the Zaidi Shiites from Imam Zaid, his father and his big brother PBUT which portray the reality of these historical Islamic figures and the problems they had to face during those days.
بعض المتشيعين لآل البيت أو غلاة التشيع لآل البيت جاءوا إلى الامام زين العابدين بن علي رضي الله عنه فذكروا أبا بكر وعمر بسوء في حضرته فذكر لهم الآية (للفقراء المهاجرين الذين أخرجوا من ديارهم وأموالهم يبتغون فضلا من الله ورضوانا وينصرون الله ورسوله أؤلئك هم الصادقون ) ثم قال لهم :أُشهدكم الله هل أنتم منهم ؟ قالوا : لا
ثم قال (والذين تبوؤا الدار والايمان من قبلهم يحبون من هاجر إليهم ولايجدون في صدورهم حاجة مما أوتوا ويؤثرون على أنفسهم ولوكان بهم خصاصة ومن يوق شح نفسه فأؤلئك هم المفلحون ) أسألكم الله هل
أنتم من هؤلاء ؟ قالوا: لا
ثم قال أما أنتم فقد شهدتم على أنفسكم أنكم لستم من المهاجرين ولامن الانصار لستم من الاولين ولامن الآخرين وأنا أشهد أنكم لستم من الذين وردوا في الآية الأخرى (والذين جاءوا من بعدهم يقولون ربنا أغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان ولاتجعل في قلوبنا غلا للذين امنوا ربنا إنك رؤوف رحيم )
Translation: Some of the Ghulat of the Shiites came to the Imam Ali ZainulAbedeen and they mentioned Abu Bakr and Umar and insulted them in his presence So he mentioned to them the verse which says: “For the poor emigrants, who were expelled from thier homes and thier property Seeking bounties from ALLAH and to please him and his messenger such are indeed the TRUTHFUL”
Then he told them: “By Allah are from amongst these?” they said No.
Then he mentioned the verse: “And (It is Also For) Those who before them, had homes (In Al-Madina) and had adopted the Faith (Meaning al Ansar) Love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in thier breasts for that which they have been given (Booty of Banu Nadir) and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves even though they were in need of that, and whosoever is saved from thier own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful”
Then he told them: “By Allah are from amongst these?” they said No.
Then he says “you have confessed that you aren’t from the Muhajirun or the Ansar, not from the first(Muslims) nor the last and I bare witness that you are not from amongst these.” Then he recited the verse: “And those who came after them say: Our Lord! Forgive us our bretheren who have preceded us in faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed.”
As for the big Zaidi scholar Ahmad bin Yusef said in his book “Al Thamarat al Yania’at” “الثمرات اليانعات” about the explanation of the verse:
when the Unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than one companion; they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion, "Have no fear, for God is with us" [Al Tawbah; 40]
إذ يقول لصاحبه لاتحزن إن الله معنا
He says that the verse is directed towards Abu Bakr RAA and that the verse means that He is a “Companion” of the Prophet PBUH and that The Prophet tells him to not be saddened and that Allah is with them and on their side then he continues explaining this section:
then God sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which ye saw not[Tawbah; 40]
فأنزل الله سكينته
And here he gave two opinions first he said that this was aimed at Abu Bakr PBUH as the serenity of Allah calmed him down because the prophet PBUH was already calm and the other opinion states that it was aimed at the Prophet Muhammad PBUH.
Now Abu Ja’afar PBUH Was born in 56 Hijri during the Life of Sayyidah Aisha PBUH and Abu Huraira RAA, he was a very pious, educated & hardworking man and one of the twelve which the twelver Shiites revere and worship. Abu Ja’afar or Muhammad al Baqir PBUH lived during the time of famous scholars like IbnKatheer, Al Zanaj, QatadahIbnShahab…IbnFadeel Narrates that he asked Al Baqirand his Son ja’afar about Abu Bakr and Umar so he replied “O Salem be their wali (Close Friend, Ally, Lover…) and disassociate yourself from their enemies for they are Imams of guidance.”
قال ابن فضيل سألت الباقر وابنه جعفر عن ابي بكر وعمر فقال لي يا سالم تولهما وابرأ من عدوهما فان هما كانا امامي هدى
Al Thahabee has an interesting comment on this Hadith, he says that Salem who narrated this Hadith had “clear Shiism” inside him as he was a Shiiteand IbnFadeel who narrated it from him is described by the Shiites as a “Trustworthy” Shiite However it seems Allah willed that they slip and include this Narration in their books to prove the innocence of the companions RAA….He also says that the Shiites claim that such narrations are considered as Taqiyyah(Concealing the truth) from the Imams.
وعن بسام الصيرفي قال سألت ابا جعفر عن ابي بكر وعمر فقال والله اني لتولهما واستغفر لهما وما ادركت احد من اهل بيتي الا وهو يتولهما
Bassam al Sayrafi Said: I Asked Abu Ja’afar about abu Bakr and Umar and he said: By Allah I’m their Wali (Ally, Close friend, lover, guide…) and I never knew anyone from my AhlulBayt (Family) that wasn’t their Wali.
وعن جابر الجعفي عن محمد بن على قال اجمع بنو فاطمة على ان يقولوا في ابي بكر وعمر احسن ما يكون من القول
From Jaber al Ja’afi from Muhammad Bin Ali that he said: The Consensus of Bani Fatimah (Children of Fatimah al Zahra’a) was to say about Abu Bakr and Umar the best sayings(Compliment them).
وعن عروة بن عبدالله قال سألت ابا جعفر محمد بن على زيد العابدين بن الحسين عن حلية السيوف فقال لا بأس يه قد حلى ابوبكر الصديق سيفة فقلت وتقول الصديق فوثب وثبة وستقبل القبلة ثم قال نعم الصديق نعم الصديق فمن لم يقل الصديق فلا صدق الله له قولا في الدنيا والاخرة
Narrated from Urwah Bin Abdullah: I asked Abu Ja’afar Muhammad Bin Ali ZainulAbedeen Bin al Hussein about Decorating the Blade So he said: There is no issue in it for Abu Bakr al Sideeq used a decorated Sword, then I asked: You Say Sideeq? Then he suddenly stood up facing the Qiblah and said Yes Al Sideeq, Yes al Sideeq for if anyone does not say Sideeq may Allah not Accept his Actions (Worship/Good deeds) and his words in this life and the next.
وقال جابر الجعفي قال لي محمد بن على زين العابدين يا جابر بلغني ان قوما بالعراق يزعمون انهم يحبوننا اهل البيت ويتناولون ابى بكر وعمر ويزعمون اني امرتهم بذلك فابلغهم عني اني الى الله منهم بريئ والذي نفس محمد بيده لو وليت…لا نالتني شفعة محمد عليه الصلاة والسلام الام اكن اسغفر لهما واترحم عليهما ان اعداء الله لغافلون عن فضلهما وسابقتهما فابلغهم اني برا منهم ممن تبرأ من ابي بكر وعمر
Jaber Al Ja’afi Said: Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Hussein Told Me: It reached me that some folks in Iraq claim that they love us AhlulBayt and they insult Abu Bakr and Umar and they claim that I had ordered them to do it, So Tell them that I Disassociate myself from them and I swear to Allah That…(he says some harsh words here) and may the Shafa’ah(intercession) of Muhammad PBUH never reach me if I didn’t make Dua for them (Abu Bakr & Umar) and ask Allah to reward them, for the enemies of Allah are oblivious to their(Companion’s) great rank and good deeds…
وعن عبدالملك ابن ابي سليمان قال قالت لمحمد الباقر قال الله تعالي ( انما وليكم الله ورسوله والذين امنوا) قال يعني سأله منهم قال هم اصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه واله وسلم
AbdulMalik bin Abi Suleiman said: I asked Muhammad al Baqir about the Verse: (For your Wali is Allah and The Messenger and The believers…) I asked who are the believers? He said: The Companions of The Prophet SallaAllahuAlayhiwaAlihiwaSallam.
So it’s not “Ali Only” like some of the Ignorants in Arabic Grammar Claim.
Imam al Mahdi (Not THE Mahdi, this is just one of the biggest scholars of Zaidiyah) says In Al Bahr al Zakhar “البحر الزخار” about the Ten Companions:
Abdul Rahman Bin Awf RAA Narrated from the Prophet PBUH: Abu Bakr is in Heaven and Umar is in Heaven and Uthmanis in Heaven and Ali is in Heaven and Talhais in Heaven and Zubairis in Heaven and AbdulRahman is in Heaven and Sa’ed bin Abiwakkasis in Heaven and Sa’eed bin Zaidis in Heaven and AbiUbayd Bin al Jarrahis in Heaven.
The Great Zaidi Scholar also mentions in his book that Ali ZainulAbedeen had a Son called Umar bin Ali and he was Zaid’s Younger brother also SakinahBint Hussein married Zaid Bin Umar Bin Uthman bin Affan and her sister Fatimah was married to his brother Abdullah. Hussein Bin Ali Bin AbiTalib was Married to HafsaBintAbdulRahman bin Abu Bakr…
Now since we’re on the topic of AhlulBayt I just got this interesting piece of Information that I want to share regarding their Graves, we all know that there are two graves for Imam Hussein PBUH and two different locations and other graves for Zainab PBUH… The Thing is I just found out that what is buried in Egypt is the head of Imam Hussein while his body is in Iraq, As for Zainab PBUH the Eldest is buried in Egypt and the Youngest in Syria while the middle Zainab is BuriedIn Saudi in Jannat Al Baqi’i.
Still There is a great conflict of opinion as many scholars/historians say that the head buried in Egypt is not that of Hussein and that this whole thing is a big lie as they buried another head in that mosque, now as for the Zeinab which was buried in Egypt many scholars say that The Hadith which says that she went to Egypt is weak and that this isn’t the grave of ZeinabBint Ali Bin AbiTalib, the Mufti of Egypt Muhammad Najib al Muti’i in the magazine of “Al Fateh” also said “ Ibn al Atheer and Al Tabari both proved in their history books that Zeinab the sister of Ali PBUT returned to Medinah with those who remained after Karbala”.
While we’re talking about the AhlulBayt let’s mention what the twelver Shiites Fabricated concerning Imam Zaid PBUH who went to take the Caliphate for himself as if he never heard of the 12 Holy Saintly imams