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Thread: Those Essential Matters which if denied will NOT entail Kufr

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    Default Those Essential Matters which if denied will NOT entail Kufr

    Assalam o alaykum,

    Below is an excerpt from Imam Sayyid Anwar Shah Kashmiri's (may Allah have mercy on him) magnum opus, Ikfar al-Mulhidin, where he lists those essential matters which are so delicate that Muslims can't be declared kafir over these. These few issues are such that even great scholars have slipped in these matters let alone laymen. There is a need for great caution when declaring Muslims as kafir over these few points listed below.

    He writes,

    Those Essential Matters which if denied will NOT Entail Kufr

    "But, those essential matters and correct beliefs which are too subtle and thorny to be understood by common human mind like the issue of [1]taqdir (destiny), [2] the reality and exact condition of the punishment in the grave,[3] the issue of istiwa on the Throne, [4] the reality and exact condition of Allah’s descent to the sky of the world in the last part of night, other similar mutashabih (ambiguous) issues, [5] the reality and exact condition of Allah’s Essence and His Divine Attributes, etc, if such matters reach to an extent of tawatur [mass-transmitted], so one who will deny these issues categorically in spite of their knowledge, we shall declare him kafir without any hesitation. But if he does not deny [any of] these altogether, rather deviates while discussing and exploring its nature and condition, and fixes a point by himself and claims it to be only true whereas it is baseless according to the people of truth e.g. he regards the punishment of grave as spiritual punishment, or he explains the istiwa on the Throne as sitting on the Throne and says that Allah Most High sits on the Throne, then we shall consider such Muslim excused and will attribute his deviation to ignorance, but will not regard him as kafir.

    For the abovementioned research and detail, you should consult the treatise of 'Allamah Ibn Rushd al-Hafid (may Allah have mercy on him) named 'Fasl al-Maqal wa al-Kashf ‘an Manahij al-Adillah'. He has logically proved that such a person is surely deviant and ignorant, but not kafir."


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    Chand say Tashbih daina, yeh bhi koi Insaf hai
    Us kay Munh pay Chayan, Madani ka Chahra Saf hai


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    so meaning taweel only acceptble in these issues because ..these are so hard to understand and are delicate but otherwise not acceptable..


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    Quote Originally Posted by Ahmad_shakeel View Post
    so meaning taweel only acceptble in these issues because ..these are so hard to understand and are delicate but otherwise not acceptable..
    Assalam o alaykum,

    That is what Imam Kashmiri is saying.
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    Chand say Tashbih daina, yeh bhi koi Insaf hai
    Us kay Munh pay Chayan, Madani ka Chahra Saf hai


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr



    Very good to know. Will this apply for Mamatis, too?
    Last edited by True Life; 21-02-2010 at 02:16 PM.


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    Quote Originally Posted by True Life View Post


    Very good to know. Will this apply for Mamatis, too?
    Assalam o alaykum,

    What about Mamatis? Do they hold any beliefs that are kufr? I didn’t quite get your question.
    Haq Char Yaar

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    Chand say Tashbih daina, yeh bhi koi Insaf hai
    Us kay Munh pay Chayan, Madani ka Chahra Saf hai


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    i think the deobandi ulema need to write books explaing exactly what things do nullify imaan. so far only arab scholars have done this.


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    Quote Originally Posted by caravan of martyrs View Post
    i think the deobandi ulema need to write books explaing exactly what things do nullify imaan. so far only arab scholars have done this.
    Assalam o alaykum,

    Brother have you read Ikfar al-Mulhidin? It is the only book of its kind in the history of Islam.

    Did you know that even Farraz Rabbani mentioned that Shaykh Wahbi Sulayman al-Ghawji of Syria said something to the effect, 'THE BEST BOOKS ON THE PRINCIPLES OF TAKFIR EVER WRITTEN IS IKFAR AL-MULHIDIN BY IMAM KASHMIRI."
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    Chand say Tashbih daina, yeh bhi koi Insaf hai
    Us kay Munh pay Chayan, Madani ka Chahra Saf hai


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    never heard of tht to be honest. its probably in urdu. we need one in then english language and explains everything.

    [EDIT: Plese stay on topic]

    our ulema no longer want to make sacrafices like the akaabir did


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    Default Re: Those Essential Matters which if denied will not Entail Kufr

    Quote Originally Posted by caravan of martyrs View Post
    never heard of tht to be honest. its probably in urdu. we need one in then english language and explains everything.
    It is in arabic and then translated into urdu...

    if ppl want books translated into English they should get together..collect money and have someone translate it...


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    Default Those Essential Matters which if Denied will Entail Kufr

    What are the matters "known from the religion by immediate necessity" (ma'lum min al-din bi l-durura)? In general, they are matters proven by decisive proof from the Qur'an and mutawatir hadith (qat'i al-thubut) with a clear meaning (qat'i al-dilala). My feeble effort to enumerate these in a concise manner is given below. Have scholars listed these before? If so, what are they? (Qur'an references in brackets)

    1. We believe in One God alone deserving of worship whose proper name is Allah (112:1, 47:19)
    2. Allah is Creator (6:102) and Sustainer (1:1) of all creation; He is All-Powerful (2:20), All-Knowing (2:29) and All-Merciful (1:3)
    3. We are dependent on Him though He is dependent on nothing (35:15)
    4. He is without partner or patron (17:111), son or father (112:3), equal (112:4) or likeness (42:11)
    5. Allah sent Messengers to the earth to preach His Oneness and worship Him (16:2, 36, 21:25)
    • These include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus. Over twenty are mentioned by name in the Qur’an.
    6. Messengers received books from Allah through the medium of Angels
    • These books include the Torah of Moses, Psalms of David and Evangel of Jesus
    • Angels also have many other functions and do Allah’s bidding (66:6)
    7. We believe Muhammad is the last and final Prophet and Messenger of Allah (33:40, 48:29)
    8. He came with the Qur’an as a guide to all of humanity (2:185)
    9. The message of Muhammad and the Qur’an confirmed, corrected (accrued errors), completed and culminated all previous revelations (2:106; 5:3, 44, 48)
    10. We must pray (at least) five times a day facing the Qibla according to the example of the Prophet
    • These prayers are at prescribed times (4:103): dawn, afternoon, late afternoon, dusk and twilight, and are in specific units (rak‘at) and consist of standing (qiyam) (5:3); recitation (qira’a) (73:20); bowing (ruku‘) (22:77) and prostration (sujud) (22:77)
    11. We must fast from dawn till dusk in the month of Ramadan (2:183,187) which entails abstinence from food, drink and intercourse
    12. We must give a specific proportion of our annual savings to the needy as Zakat (9:60, 103)
    13. We must perform Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) at least once in our lifetime if we are able (3:97)
    14. We try to engage in the dhikr (remembrance) of Allah whenever possible, “standing, sitting and lying down” (3:191); we must seek Allah’s forgiveness and repent after wrongdoings (73:20, 66:8); we must send blessings on the Prophet Muhammad (33:56)
    15. We are to maintain bodily cleanliness
    • This includes bathing after menstruation (2:222), a wet dream or sexual intercourse (5:6) and ritual purification before prayer (5:6)
    16. We abstain from pork, carrion, blood (5:3), alcohol (5:91), predatory animals and all other Haram food
    17. We are permitted to eat all Halal food that is slaughtered in the correct way
    18. Near relatives cannot be married (4:23)
    19. When in public and in prayer men must cover at least what is between the navel and the knees and women must cover their entire bodies except the face and hands (24:31, 33:59)
    • Exceptions, i.e. to whom “adornment” can be shown, are listed in the Qur’an (24:31)
    20. Divisions of wealth to heirs is laid out in the Qur’an (4:11-12) although a portion can be shared according to a will
    21. Interest/usury is forbidden (2:275, 3:130) as is gambling (5:91)
    22. It is forbidden to murder (17:33), steal (5:38, 60:12), engage in illicit sex (17:32), lie (16:105), scoff/mock (49:11), backbite (49:12) , slander, betray a trust (4:58), call others names (49:11) and spy (49:12)
    23. We must be kind to the neighbour, the wayfarer, orphans, relatives and destitute (4:36); we must treat our parents with kindness and respect (17:23)
    24. Hearts must be purified and made sound (26:89)
    • We must remove all traces of envy (113:5), ostentation (107:6, 4:142), pride (17:37) and self-righteousness (53:32), stinginess (47:38), despair (39:53), covetousness (4:32) and all other wicked traits from our hearts
    • We must inculcate love (2:156, 5:54), trust (3:159), fear (2:40), consciousness (3:102) and hope (2:218) of Allah, sincerity in worship to Him (98:5), forgiveness of fellow men (3:134), restraint of anger (3:134), generosity in times of ease and calamity (3:134) and all other good traits in our hearts
    25. Satan (the devil) is our avowed and clear enemy (6:142)
    26. We believe fighting can be legitimate when it is for the protection of Allah’s remembrance in houses of worship (22:40), for the right to property and justice (22:39-40), to avert religious persecution (2193) and when it is against corruption and oppression (4:75, 2:251)
    • non-hostile non-Muslims can be treated kindly and equitably (60:8)
    27. We must collectively “command the good and forbid the evil” (3:110)
    28. We must attempt to collectively preach the religion peacefully, kindly, wisely and intelligently (16:125, 3:104)
    29. We believe this life is temporary and every soul will taste death (3:185)
    30. Allah will judge us in the Afterlife and we will be assigned to either the Garden or the Fire (11:104-108)


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