I will try to explain this again, Insha Allah:Could you elaborate a bit more on:
Originally Posted by jello
That is because Allah's total specification of every single aspect of every single event is necessary, not probable
I did not understand the logical proof given for the above point. Could you please help me out?
Islam says that every created existence (such as an event) comes into being with a specification, a specific set of certain dimensional coordinates (what we conventionally call 'being in the space-time Universe').
These coordinates, in order to be a specific set out of a huge number of possibilities, necessarily require something other than themselves in order to be realized, since mere possibilities cannot come into being in and of themselves.
By subsequent deductive reasoning, it is shown that the Entity that brings these events into Being has to be an Existent not ontologically bound by the "limitations" of "mere possibilities" in His very Nature - which is what we Muslims term as Allah the Exalted.
From this we know that Allah's specification of every set of coordinates is necessary, for otherwise He is just another "set of possibilities" in need of effectuation by another Entity.
I know the above may still seem confusing, but you need to re-read the original article, especially premise #2 and premise #5, since I am just skipping the details.
Also, as I have said before, I think it is better if we say that "Every emergent event is brought into being by an entity other than itself" in Premise #2, rather than saying "it is caused", since "caused" means that it exists only within the Universe in Western metaphysics, while we are trying to move the reader away from this mistaken assumption.