this people believe in 3 tawheeds & also ALLAH in the sky & has hands,anger (nauzbillah) i objected this so they provided answer to my objections please reply them.
Question 1. Is catagorising Tawheed as - Tawheed ar Ruboobiyah, Tawheed al Asma was Sifaat and Tawheed al Ibadah a Bidah?
We must understand the principle which says that there is nothing wrong with using new terminology. This principle is well-known among the fuqaha’ and scholars of usool. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
There is nothing wrong with new concepts and new words, unless there is something bad about them.
Madaarij al-Saalikeen, 3/306
From early times the scholars have categorized the rulings of sharee’ah. This has only been done to make it easier to understand the texts and rulings of sharee’ah, especially as time goes by and knowledge of Arabic language becomes weaker and the language gets mixed with foreign languages.
The scholars thought it wise to set out principles, issues and categories to make it easier to understand. There is nothing wrong with this, in fact it is a good thing because it makes knowledge more accessible to the Muslims. Imam Al-Shaafa’i set out the principles of fiqh and his categorization was well-received and was followed by the scholars of usool who wrote commentaries on what he said and added to it. This was done in all branches of Islamic knowledge such as tajweed (recitation of Qur’aan), Qur’aan and others, including Tawheed.
I hope this answers your question.
The brother believes that Allah does not have Hands - saying that Allah has Hands is "Nonsense" to him. He also denies the anger of Allah.
I appreciate the honestly. This is the clear deobandi Aqeedah - deny the attrubutes of Allah and change them with other things.
He quotes our article and says,
"as you said in the document that literal meaning is taken."
Well, what we follow is that literal meaning is to be taken unless there is clear evidence to the contrary. We will not dare to say anything from our own side. If the Prophet (sallahu alaihi wassalaam) had told us that Allah does not have Hands and Hand means "power" we would have accepted it. But nowhere does this come in the Qur'an, the Saheeh Hadith or sayings of Sahaba. Then who told you that "Allah does not have Hands"! When Allah has clearly mentioned His Hands! Or do you say about Allah what you know not! Brother leave your hatred and see clearly that you are on an Aqeedah other than that of the Qur'an and Saheeh Hadith and the way of the Sahaba and Salaf.
It comes in hadith that prophet says on day of judgement that ALLAH will ask the people (muslims) why don’t you come to me when I was sick,why don’t you given me food when I was starving the muslims will ask excitingly that OH ALLAH how you can become sick ALLAH says my that banda was sick if you gone to him my rahmat will be there & so on for food. (BUKHARI mafoom)
So can you people take the literal sense that ALLAH is Sick (nauzbillah) & ALLAh was starving (nauzbillah) as you said in the document that literal meaning is taken.& we don’t change the meaning."
The answer of the question is in the question itself!
Let us look at the full Hadith:
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would say on the Day of Resurrection: O son of Adam, I was sick but you did not visit Me. He would say: O my Lord; how could I visit Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? Thereupon He would say: Didn't you know that such and such servant of Mine was sick but you did not visit him and were you not aware of this that if you had visited him, you would have found Me by him? O son of Adam, I asked food from you but you did not feed Me. He would say: My Lord, how could I feed Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? He said: Didn't you know that such and such servant of Mine asked food from you but you did not feed him, and were you not aware that if you had fed him you would have found him by My side? (The Lord would again say: ) O son of Adam, I asked drink from you but you did not provide Me. He would say: My Lord, how could I provide Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? Thereupon He would say: Such and such of servant of Mine asked you for a drink but you did not provide him, and had you provided him drink you would have found him near Me."
The hadith clearly states what is meant by "I was sick", "I was hungry" and "I asked for drink" so there is a clear text to prove it- and surely we accept what has come with proof. However how can we accept what you say about "Allah does not have Hands" without proof.
Question 4: Allah is everywhere.
I will answer all the objections raised by the brother but first let us look at evidences from the Qur'an and the Saheeh Hadith and the statements of the Sahaba and the Salaf about "Where is Allah". I urge you to patiently read all the evidences given below and then read the answers of all your questions.
Section I - Verses about Allah having Istawa (ascended) on the Arsh (Throne)
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Ta-Ha 20:5
الرَّحْمَانُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى
“The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.”
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Ara’af 7: 54, Surah Yunus 10:3, Surah Ra’ad 13:2, Surah AL- Furqaan 25:59, Surah As-Sajdah 32:4, Surah Al-Hadeed 57: 4
ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى عَلَى الْعَرْشِ
“And then established Himself above the Throne.”
1. The Statement of Imaam Qurtubi about mentioning the condition (kayfiyyah) about the Sifaat of Allah
Imaaam Qurtubi says in the Tafseer of the verse of Surah al Aaraaf (i.e. 7:54)
Imaam Maalik رَحِمَهُ الله said,
اَلْاِسْتِوَاءُ مَعْلُوْمٌ - يَعْنِي فِي اللُّغَةِ - وَالْكَيْفُ مَجْهُوْلٌ، وَالسُّؤَالُ عَنْ هَذَا بِدْعَةٌ.
وَكَذَا قَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلْمَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا.
“It is known that Allah is “Istawa” (on His throne). – i.e. as far as the usage of the word ‘Istawa’ in the dictionary is concerned – Asking questions about its condition is an innovation. Umm Salamah رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا has said similarly.
2. The Statement of Imaam Maalik رَحِمَهُ الله about narrating the condition of the Sifaat (attributes) of Allah
يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى يَقُوْلُ كُنَّا عِنْدَ مَالِكٍ بْنِ أَنَسٍ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ
فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ اَلرَّحْمَانُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى كَيْفَ اسْتَوَى
فَأَطْرَقَ مَالِكٌ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ عَلَاهُ الرَّحْضَاء ُ
ثُمَّ قَالَ مَجْهُوْلٌ مَعْقُوْلٌ وَالْإِيْمَانُ بِهِ وَاجِبٌ وَالسُّؤَالُ عَنْهُ بِدْعَةٌ
وَمَا أَرَاكَ إِلَّا مُبْتَدِعًا فَأَمَرَ بِهِ أَنْ يُّخْرَجَ
Yahya bin Yahya narrates, we were with Imaam Maalik رَحِمَهُ الله. A man came, he said, “O Abu Abdullah, (Allah says in the Qur’an) - “The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.” (Qur’an 7:54)
(he asked) “How is Allah Istawa (established, ascended) on His Throne?”
Imam Maalik lowered his head. He answered:
“The condition (of Istawa) is unknown, but it can be understood, believing in it is compulsory. Asking questions about its condition is an innovation. And I see you as an innovator!” Then, he commanded that he should be removed.
[RECORDED IN AL-AITIQAAD BY IMAAM BAIHAQI VOL 1: PAGE 115, FATAWA IBN TAYMIYAH VOL 5: PAGE 144]
3. The Statement of Umme Salamah رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْها about narrating The Kaifiyah ( condition) of Istawa
عَنْ أَمِّ سَلْمَةَ فِي قَوْلِهِ ((اَلرَّحْمَانُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى ))
قَالَتْ مَعْقُوْلٌ مَجْهُوْلٌ وَالْاِقْرَارُ بِهِ إِيْمَانٌ وَالْحُجُوْدُ بِهِ كُفْرٌ
“Umme Salamah رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا said about the verse in the Qur’an 7:54, “It (Istawa) can be understood; however its condition is not known, affirming it (Istawa on the Arsh) is a part of Imaan and rejecting it is Kufr (disbelief)”
[RECORDED IN AITIQAAD AHLUS SUNNAAH WAL JAMA’AH BY IMAAM LALIKAAEE: 663]
Section II - Allah is ABOVE
4. Angels fear Allah who is ABOVE them
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah An-Nahl 16: 49-50
وَلِلّهِ يَسْجُدُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ مِن دَآبَّةٍ وَالْمَلآئِكَةُ وَهُمْ لاَ يَسْتَكْبِرُوْنَ *
يَخَافُوْنَ رَبَّهُم مِّنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُوْنَ مَا يُؤْمَرُوْنَ
“And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth of creatures, and the angels [as well], and they are not arrogant.
They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.”
5. Above His slaves
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Ana’am 6:18
وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهِ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيْمُ الْخَبِيْرُ
“And He is the subjugator over His servants. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted [with all].”
Section III - Allah is above the Sky
6. The meaning of السماء (As-Sama’a) in the dictionary
سَمَاءُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ أََعْلَاهُ...
“The highest portion of a thing is called السماء (As Sama’a).”
[RECORDED IN LISAN-UL- ARAB]
وَقَالَ الزُّجَاجُ : اَلسَّمَاءُ فِـي اللُّغَةِ يُقَالُ لِكُلِّ مَا ارْتَفَعَ وَعَلَا قَدْ سَمَا يَسْمُوْ...
“Az Zujaaj says, “السماء (As Sama’a) in the dictionary is that which is in the highest portion and elated. It comes from (Arabic verb) سَمَا يَسْمُوْ”
[RECORDED IN LISAN-UL- ARAB]
وَالسَّمَاءُ : كُلُّ مَا عَلَاكَ فَأَظَلََّكَ [لسان العرب , الصحاح للجواهري]
“السماء (As Sama’a) is that which is above you and covers you.”
[RECORDED IN LISAN-UL- ARAB, AS-SIHAH BY JAWAHIRI]
7. The Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ saw towards the sky
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Baqarah 2:144
قَدْ نَرَى تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبْلَةً تَرْضَاهَا
“We have certainly seen the turning of your face, [O Muhammad], toward the sky, and We will surely turn you to a qiblah with which you will be pleased.”
8. Do you feel secure from the One in the heavens?
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Mulk 67:16-17
أَأَمِنْتُمْ مَّنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ أَنْ يَّخْسِفَ بِكُمُ الأَرْضَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَمُوْرُ *
أَمْ أَمِنْتُمْ مَّنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ أَنْ يُّرْسِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ حَاصِبًا فَسَتَعْلَمُوْنَ كَيْفَ نَذِيْرِ
“Do you feel secure that He who is in the heavens would not cause the earth to swallow you and suddenly it would sway?
Or do you feel secure that He who is in the heavens would not send against you a storm of stones? Then you would know how [severe] was My warning.”
قَالَ الْقُرْطُبِيُّ :قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: أَأَمِنْتُمْ عَذَابَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ إِنْ عَصَيْتُمُوْهُ.
Abdullah ibn Abbas said (in commentary of this verse), “Do you feel secure from the punishment of the One who is in the Heavens if you disobey Him.”
9. The invitation of Musa to Firaun was that Allah is in the heavens
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Al- Momin 40:36-37
وَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ يَا هَامَانُ ابْنِ لِي صَرْحًا لَّعَلِّي أَبْلُغُ الْأَسْبَابَ *
أَسْبَابَ السَّمَاوَاتِ فَأَطَّلِعَ إِلَى إِلَهِ مُوسَى وَإِنِّي لَأَظُنُّهُ كَاذِبًا
“And Pharaoh said, "O Haman, construct for me a tower that I might reach the ways – The ways into the heavens - so that I may look at the God of Moses; but indeed, I think he is a liar."
Chapter II - Evidences from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ
10. The Hadith of the Slave girl
Muawiyah ibn Hakam as Sulami narrates,
عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ ابْنِ الْحَكَمِ السُّلَمِيِّ قَالَ ...
وَكَانَتْ لِي جَارِيَةٌ تَرْعَى غَنَمًا لِي قِبَلَ أُحُدٍ وَالْجَوَّانِيَّةِ
فَاطَّلَعْتُ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ فَإِذَا الذِّيْبُ قَدْ ذَهَبَ بِشَاةٍ مِنْ غَنَمِهَا
وَأَنَا رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ آسَفُ كَمَا يَأْسَفُوْنَ لَكِنِّي صَكَكْتُهَا صَكَّةً
فَأَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَعَظَّمَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيَّ
قُلْتُ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللَّهِ أَفَلَا أُعْتِقُهَا قَالَ ائْتِنِي بِهَا فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا
فَقَالَ لَهَا أَيْنَ اللَّهُ قَالَتْ فِي السَّمَاءِ
قَالَ مَنْ أَنَا قَالَتْ أَنْتَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ
قَالَ أَعْتِقْهَا فَإِنَّهَا مُؤْمِنَةٌ
“I had a maid-servant who tended goats by the side of Uhud and Jawwaniya. One day I happened to pass that way and found that a wolf had carried a goat from her flock. I am after all a man from the posterity of Adam. I felt sorry as they (human beings) feel sorry. So I slapped her. I came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and felt (this act of mine) as something grievous I said: Messenger of Allah, should I not grant her freedom? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Bring her to me. So I brought her to him. He said to her: Where is Allah? She said: He is above the Sky. He said: Who am I? She said: you are the Messenger of Allah. He said: Grant her freedom, she is a believing woman.”
[RECORDED IN SAHEEH MUSLIM: 1094, ALSO IN ABU DAWOOD, NASAI, MUSNAD AHMED]
The Prophet (sallahu alahi wassalaam) said that she is a believing woman when she said that Allah is above the sky.
11. “O Allah you be the Witness”
Jabir bin Abdullah رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates,
عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ : وَفِيْهِ ذِكْرُ حِجَّتِهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ....قال : قَالَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :
وَقَدْ تَرَكْتُ فِيْكُمْ مَا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ إِنِ اعْتَصَمْتُمْ بِهِ
كِتَابُ اللَّهِ وَأَنْتُمْ تُسْأَلُوْنَ عَنِّي فَمَا أَنْتُمْ قَائِلُوْنَ
قَالُوْا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ وَأَدَّيْتَ وَنَصَحْتَ
فَقَالَ بِإِصْبَعِهِ السَّبَّابَةِ يَرْفَعُهَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَيَنْكُتُهَا إِلَى النَّاسِ
اللَّهُمَّ اشْهَدْ اللَّهُمَّ اشْهَدْ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ
قوله يَنْكِتُهَا : مَعْنَاهُ يُقَلِّبُهُا وُيُرُدِّدُهَا إِلَى النَّاسِ مُشِيْرًا إِلَيْهِمْ
“I have left among you the Book of Allah, and if you hold fast to it, you would never go astray. And you would be asked about me (on the Day of Resurrection), (now tell me) what would you say? They (the audience) said: We will bear witness that you have conveyed (the message), discharged (the responsibility of Prophethood) and you have given wise (sincere) counsel. He (the narrator) said: He (the Holy Prophet) then raised his forefinger towards the sky and pointing it at the people (said):" O Allah, be witness. O Allah, be witness," saying it thrice”.
[NARRATED BY JABIR BIN ABDULLAH رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH MUSLIM 2803 (BOOK OF HAJJ), ALSO IN AD-DARIMI]
Please note: the Prophet (sallahu alaihi wassalaam) raised his finger towards the sky and did not turn it full round to show everywhere )
Ibn Abbas رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates,
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِي اللَّه عَنْهمَا :
أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَطَبَ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ
فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هَذَا
قَالُوْا يَوْمٌ حَرَامٌ قَالَ فَأَيُّ بَلَدٍ هَذَا قَالُوْا بَلَدٌ حَرَامٌ
قَالَ فَأَيُّ شَهْرٍ هَذَا قَالُوْا شَهْرٌ حَرَامٌ
قَالَ فَإِنَّ دِمَاءَكُمْ وَأَمْوَالَكُمْ وَأَعْرَاضَكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ حَرَامٌ
كَحُرْمَةِ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا فِي بَلَدِكُمْ هَذَا فِي شَهْرِكُمْ هَذَا فَأَعَادَهَا مِرَارًا
ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ هَلْ بَلَّغْتُ اللَّهُمَّ هَلْ بَلَّغْتُ
قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِي اللَّه عَنْهمَا
فَوَالَّذِيْ نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنَّهَا لَوَصِيَّتُهُ إِلَى أُمَّتِهِ :
فَلْيُبْلِغِ الشَّاهِدُ الْغَائِبَ
لَا تَرْجِعُوْا بَعْدِيْ كُفَّارًا يَضْرِبُ بَعْضُكُمْ رِقَابَ بَعْضٍ
"Allah's Messenger صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ delivered a sermon on the Day of Nahr, and said, 'O people! (Tell me) what is the day today?' The people replied, 'It is the forbidden (sacred) day.' He asked again, 'What town is this?' They replied, 'It is the forbidden (Sacred) town.' He asked, 'Which month is this?' They replied, 'It is the forbidden (Sacred) month.' He said, 'No doubt! Your blood, your properties, and your honor are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this (sacred) town (Mecca) of yours, in this month of yours.' The Prophet repeated his statement again and again. After that he raised his head and said, 'O Allah! Haven't conveyed (Your Message) to them'. Haven't I conveyed Your Message to them?'"
Ibn Abbas رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ added, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the following was his will (Prophet's will) to his followers:--It is incumbent upon those who are present to convey this information to those who are absent Beware don't renegade (as) disbelievers (turn into infidels) after me, by striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another.'"
[NARRATED BY IBN ABBASرضي الله عنهما; RECORDED IN SAHEEH BUKHARI 2: 795]
12. The Trustworthy one of the One in the Heavens
Abu Said Al-Khudri رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrated,
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيْدٍ الْخُدْرِيَّ ...
قَالَ أَلَا تَأْمَنُوْنِي وَأَنَا أَمِيْنُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ يَأْتِيْنِي خَبَرُ السَّمَاءِ صَبَاحًا وَمَسَاءً
“….Allah’s Messenger صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said "Don't you trust me even though I am the trust-worthy man of the One in the Heavens, and I receive the news of Heaven (i.e. Divine Inspiration) both in the morning and in the evening?"”
[NARRATED BY ABU SAEED AL-KHUDRI رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH BUKHARI 5:638]
13. The one above the heavens will have mercy on you
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍوقَالَ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ
الرَّاحِمُوْنَ يَرْحَمُهُمُ الرَّحْمَانُ
ارْحَمُوْا مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ ...
“The Compassionate One has mercy on those who are merciful. If you show mercy to those who are on the earth, He Who is in the heavens will show mercy to you.”
[NARRATED BY ABDULLAH BIN AMR رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN TIRMIDHI, ABU DAWOOD: 4923]
14. All matters go up to Allah
Abu Musa رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates
عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى قَالَ
قَامَ فِيْنَا رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِخَمْسِ كَلِمَاتٍ
فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَا يَنَامُ وَلَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَّنَامَ
يَخْفِضُ الْقِسْطَ وَيَرْفَعُهُ
يُرْفَعُ إِلَيْهِ عَمَلُ اللَّيْلِ قَبْلَ عَمَلِ النَّهَارِ وَعَمَلُ النَّهَارِ قَبْلَ عَمَلِ اللَّيْلِ
حِجَابُهُ النُّورُ - وَفِي رِوَايَةِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ النَّارُ –
لَوْ كَشَفَهُ لَأَحْرَقَتْ سُبُحَاتُ وَجْهِهِ مَا انْتَهَى إِلَيْهِ بَصَرُهُ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ
“The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was standing amongst us and he told us five things. He said:
1. Verily the Exalted and Mighty Allah does not sleep, and it does not befit Him to sleep.
2. He lowers the scale and lifts it.
3. The deeds in the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the (subsequent) night.
4. His veil is light. In the hadith narrated by Abu Bakr (instead of the word" light" it is fire).
5. If He withdraws it (the veil), the splendour of His Face would burn His creation so far as its sight reaches.”
[NARRATED BY ABU MUSA رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH MUSLIM 343 (KITAB AL IMAAN)]
15. The Arsh is above Al Firdaus
The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said,
... قَالَ إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِائَةَ دَرَجَةٍ أَعَدَّهَا اللَّهُ لِلْمُجَاهِدِيْنَ فِي سَبِيْلِ اللَّهِ
مَا بَيْنَ الدَّرَجَتَيْنِ كَمَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ
فَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ فَاسْأَلُوْهُ الْفِرْدَوْسَ
فَإِنَّهُ أَوْسَطُ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَعْلَى الْجَنَّةِ أُرَاهُ فَوْقَهُ عَرْشُ الرَّحْمَانِ
وَمِنْهُ تَفَجَّرُ أَنْهَارُ الْجَنَّةِ
"Paradise has one-hundred grades which Allah has reserved for the Mujahideen who fight in His Cause, and the distance between each of two grades is like the distance between the Heaven and the Earth. So, when you ask Allah (for something), ask for Al-Firdaus which is the best and highest part of Paradise. Above it (i.e. Al-Firdaus) is the Throne of Beneficent (i.e. Allah), and from it originate the rivers of Paradise.")
[NARRATED BY ABU HURAIRAH رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH BUKHARI 4: 48 (BOOK OF JIHAD)]
16. Raising hands towards Allah in Duaa
The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said,
عَنْ سَلْمَانَ قَالَ
إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَيَسْتَحِي أَنْ يَبْسُطَ الْعَبْدُ إِلَيْهِ يَدَيْهِ يَسْأَلُهُ خَيْرًا فَيَرُدَّهُمَا خَائِبَتَيْنِ
“When any servant of Allah raises his two hands towards Him, Allah is shy of turning them back empty.”
[NARRATED BY SALMAAN AL FARSI رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN MUSNAD AHMED, ABU DAWOOD 1483 (KITAB AS SALAH), TIRMIDHI, AND IBN MAJAH]
Raises two hands إِلَيْهِ towards him. Not everywhere.
17. He raised his hands towards the sky
Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه narrated,
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ
أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ طَيِّبٌ لَا يَقْبَلُ إِلَّا طَيِّبًا
وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ بِمَا أَمَرَ بِهِ الْمُرْسَلِيْنَ فَقَالَ
( يَا أَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ كُلُوْا مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَاعْمَلُوْا صَالِحًا إِنِّي بِمَا تَعْمَلُوْنَ عَلِيمٌْ )
وَقَالَ ( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوْا كُلُوْا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ )
ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ الرَّجُلَ يُطِيْلُ السَّفَرَ أَشْعَثَ أَغْبَرَ يَمُدُّ يَدَيْهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ يَا رَبِّ يَا رَبِّ
وَمَطْعَمُهُ حَرَامٌ وَمَشْرَبُهُ حَرَامٌ وَمَلْبَسُهُ حَرَامٌ وَغُذِيَ بِالْحَرَامِ
فَأَنَّى يُسْتَجَابُ لِذَلِكَ
“O People, Allah is Good and He therefore, accepts only that which is good. And Allah commanded the believers as He commanded the Messengers by saying:" O Messengers, eat of the good things, and do good deeds; verily I am aware of what you do" (23:51). And He said: ' 0 those who believe, eat of the good things that We gave you" (2:172)
He then made a mention of a person who travels widely, his hair dishevelled and covered with dust. He lifts his hands towards the sky (and thus makes the supplication):" O Lord, O Lord," whereas his diet is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, and his clothes are unlawful and his nourishment is unlawful. How can then his supplication be accepted?”
[NARRATED BY ABU HURAIRAH رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH MUSLIM: 2214 (KITAB AL ZAKAT)]
Lift his hand towards the Sky - not everywhere.
18. The Book which is above the Arsh
The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said,
لَمَّا قَضَى اللَّهُ الْخَلْقَ كَتَبَ فِي كِتَابِهِ فَهُوَ عِنْدَهُ فَوْقَ الْعَرْشِ
إِنَّ رَحْمَتِي غَلَبَتْ غَضَبِي
"When Allah created the Creation, He wrote in His Book--and He wrote (that) about Himself, and it is placed with Him on the Throne--'Verily My Mercy overcomes My Anger.'"
[NARRATED BY ABU HURAIRAH رضي الله عنه; RECORDED IN SAHEEH BUKHARI 9:501 (BOOK OF TAWHEED), SAHEEH MUSLIM]
"With him" - With Allah on the Arsh. Now are they going to deny the Arsh also and say that Arsh is also Everywhere!
Chapter III – From the Statements of the Sahabah
19. From Abu Bakr رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ
Ibn Umar رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ narrates
حدثنا محمد بن فضيل عن فضيل بن غزوان عن نافع عَن اِبْنِ عُمَرَ
قَالَ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ دَخَلَ أَبُوْ بَكْرٍ
فَأَكَبَّ عَلَيْهِ وَقَبَّلَ جَبْهَتَهُ وَقَالَ بَأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي طِبْتَ حَيًّا وَمَيِّتًا
وَقَالَ: مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا قَدْ مَاتَ
وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللهَ فَإِنَّ اللهَ فِي السَّمَاءِ حَيٌّ لَا يَمُوْتُ
“When the Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ died, Abu Bakr رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ entered and bent over the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ and kissed his forehead He knelt down and kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ you had the best life and the best death." Then he said, “Whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is Alive in the heavens and will never die.”
[RECORDED IN HAASHIYAH IBN AL QAYYIM VOL13: PAGE 31, AND IN TAREEKH BY BUKHARI]
20. The Statement of Umar رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ
عَنْ قَيْسٍ قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ عُمَرُ الشَّامَ اِسْتَقْبَلَهُ النَّاسُ وَهُوَ عَلَى بَعِيْرِهِ
فَقَالُوْا يَا أَمِيْرَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ لَوْ رَكِبْتَ بِرْذُوْنًا يَلْقَاكَ عُظَمَاءُ النَّاسِ وَوُجُوْهُهُمْ
قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَلَا أَرَاكُمْ هَا هُنَا
إْنَّمَا الْأَمْرُ مِنْ هَهُنَا وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ خَلُّوْا سَبِيْلَ جَمَلِيْ
“When Umar رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ came to Sham, people welcomed him while he was sitting on his camel. They said to him, “O Ameerul Momineen. If you would have been riding the horse it would have (looked) better. Big leaders and very important people are going to meet you.”
Umar رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ replied, “We have not received this due to here. This matter is from there (pointing towards people) and he pointed to the sky. Move out of the way of my Camel.”
[RECORDED IN IBN ABU SHEEBAH: 34443]