"Draw Muhammad Day" -Punishment for mocking him (Scholars, hadith and Quran)
Punishment In the Afterlife: Hell fire and Humiliation
Ibn Kathir says, the meaning is:When Our Signs are rehearsed to him, he says, "Tales of the ancients!".By no means! but on their hearts is the stain of the (ill) which they do! Verily, from (the Light of) their Lord, that Day, will they be veiled. Further, they will enter the Fire of Hell. " [Qur'an 83:13]
http://tafsir.com/default.asp?sid=83&tid=57532(And they say: "Tales of the ancients, which he has written down: and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon.'') (25:5) Then Allah continues saying,
(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) meaning, the matter is not as they claim
(Nay! Surely, they will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day.) meaning, they will have a place on the Day of Judgement, and lodging in Sijjin. Along with this they will be veiled from seeing their Lord and Creator on the Day of Judgement. Imam Abu `Abdullah Ash-Shafi`i said, "In this Ayah is a proof that the believers will see Him (Allah), the Mighty and Sublime, on that Day.'' Concerning Allah's statement,
(Then verily, they will indeed enter the burning flame of Hell.) meaning, along with this being prevented from seeing the Most Gracious, they will also be among the people of the Fire.
As-Suyuti says in his tafsir:
http://quran.com/83/16they will be exposed to Hell-fire, [then] they will enter the scorching Fire… then it will be said, to them: ‘This, that is, the chastisement, is that which you used to deny!’
Punishment On Earth: The sword without leniency
Ibn Taymiyyah says in “Mukhtasar As-Saram Al-Maslool `Ala Shatim Ar-Rasul (Summary of The Drawn Sword Against the One Who Curses the Messenger) Pages 31-33”
This is the methodology of the general scholars.Whoever Curses the Prophet Peace and Blessings be Upon him, Muslim or Kafir, Must be Killed.
Ibn Al-Munthir said:Abu Bakr Al- Faarisee – a companion of Imam Ash-Shafi'ee - stated that :"The general scholars agreed that whoever curses him, Peace and Blessings be upon him, must be killed. This was stated by Malik, Al-Layth, Ahmad, Ishaaq, and Ash-Shafi'ee, and Nu'man (Abu Hanifa) said that the Dhimmi (Jizya-paying non-Muslim) is not to be killed."Ishaq Ibn Rahaway said that:"there is the consensus of the Muslims upon killing who curses the Prophet, Peace and Blessings be upon him, just as the ruling for whoever curses other than him is whipping.
And this consensus is carried down from the consensus from the premiere generation of the Tabi'een and the Sahabah. It was said by Sheikhul-Islam - or he intended their consensus on the necessity of the killing if he was a Muslim. And such was reported by Al-Qadi [The Judge] `Iyad.Al-Khattabi said:all of the Muslims are in consensus that whoever curses Allah or curses His Messenger, or rejects something from what Allah revealed, or killed a prophet, that he is a Kafir; and even if he accepts all that was revealed by Allah.Muhammad Ibn Suhnoon said that:"I don't know of anyone who disagrees with the obligation of his killing."Hanbal, Abus-Saqr, Al-Khallal, Abdullah, and Abu Talib –said that:the scholars are in consensus that the one who curses the Messenger is a Kafir; and whoever doubts his Kufr is a Kafir.
The bottom line: That the Muslim one who curses [The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him] is to be killed without disagreement, and it is the opinion of the methodology of the four Imams as well as other than them; even if he is a Jizya-paying non-Muslim, he is killed as well – according to Malik and the people of Madina; and it is the way of Ahmad and the scholars of Hadith. Ahmad specified it many times.It was said to Ahmad [Ibn Hanbal],he is to be killed whether he is Muslim or Kafir."Is there a hadith for [supporting] it? He said yes, there are Ahadith. One of them is the Hadith of the blind man who killed the woman when he heard her curse the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and the Hadith of Hasan.
He [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal] said: And he should not be asked to repent. It was narrated by Abu Bakr in "Al-Shafee." So there is no disagreement that he is to be killed, and that his treaty is nullified.
1. Ma`alim As-Sunnan 6/199
Shaykh Munajid said about those who insult the prophet:
http://www.islam-qa/en/ref/22809With regard to the Sunnah, Abu Dawood (4362) narrated from ‘Ali that a Jewish woman used to insult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and say bad things about him, so a man strangled her until she died, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ruled that no blood money was due in this case.
http://www.theholybook.org/content/view/6968/2/(The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land.) `Wage war' mentioned here means, oppose and contradict, and it includes disbelief...
Qatada (ra) says the meaning of mischief is:
http://www.theholybook.org/content/view/6333/2/("Do not make mischief on the earth), that is disbelief and acts of disobedience. Abu Ja`far said that Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that Abu Al-`Aliyah said that Allah's statement,
(And when it is said to them: "Do not make mischief on the earth,), means, "Do not commit acts of disobedience on the earth. Their mischief is disobeying Allah, because whoever disobeys Allah on the earth, or commands that Allah be disobeyed, he has committed mischief on the earth. Peace on both the earth and in the heavens is ensured (and earned) through obedience (to Allah). Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Qatadah said similarly.
Maulana Wahid Uddin Khan says Fartana used to recite abusive poems about the prophet:
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=k...QkccC&pg=PT326The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: on the day of the conquest of Mecca: There are four persons whom I shall not give protection in the sacred and non-sacred territory. He then named them. There were two singing girls of al-Maqis; one of them was killed and the other escaped and embraced Islam. Sunnan Abu Dawud 14:2678
http://www.islam-qa/en/ref/22809Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: A blind man had a slave-mother who used to abuse the Prophet (peace be upon him) and disparage him. He forbade her but she did not stop. He rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. One night she began to slander the Prophet (peace be upon him) and abuse him. So he took a dagger, placed it on her belly, pressed it, and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was informed about it.
He assembled the people and said: I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should stand up. Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling the man stood up.
He sat before the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am her master; she used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not abandon her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her. Thereupon the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Oh be witness, no retaliation is payable for her blood.[Sunnan Abu Dawud 38:4348, Sunnan Abu Dawud 38:4361]
Incorrect Arguements about why they shouldnt be punished
Some say that you shouldnt punish anyone who insults the prophet and they give the story of thehypocrite Abdullah ibn Ubayy, he constantly betrayed the Prophet. Yet, the prophet attended his funeral, but after he did, he was told not to do so ever again.
The story of Abdullah ibn Ubayy was reported by Umar (ra) and allah corrected the prophet, this is known as Ijma.“ And never offer prayer for any one of them who dies and do not stand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger and they shall die in transgression."
Some also say the prophet had a Jewish neighbour who threw garbage at the prophet, and this person became ill one day, and the prophet visited her. This story is false... it was spread by the word of mouth and is not in any Islamci Text. Furthermore, different versions of it have been floating around and no scholars of the past have mentioned it in their Fiqh books
The prophet reportedly said:
Therefore, he could not have had any non-muslim neighbors in ArabiaI will expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim.
[Sahih Muslim 19:4366]