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Thread: Indian born Sahaba

  1. #1
    Senior Member
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    Oct 2007

    Default Indian born Sahaba


    Was going through Wiki just now and came across this link

    Cheraman Perumal- he was a king of the Chera Dynasty who gave up his kingdom to personally go and meet Muhammad after witnessing a miracle. He embraced Islam in the presence of Muhammad and later died in Arabia during his journey back to his homeland in India.

    Does anyone know if this is authentic? If so, is there any more info available?

    Related thread:

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Indian born Sahaba

    I remember reading a story in Hayatus Sahabah about one (or two) sahabi(s) who came from India, met the Prophet Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam and accepted Islam. Search in third part of Hayatus Sahabah, in the section about Jinns inviting the people to accept Islam or something similar. I will post the complete story here tomorrow if possible inshaAllah.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Indian born Sahaba

    Here is the excerpt from Hayatus Sahabah: (For the original Arabic version with Sharh, click here:

    A Jinn brought the News of Rasulullaah Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam’s Prophethood to Hadhrat Sawaad bin Qaarib Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu

    Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar (RA) says, "Whenever I heard Hadhrat Umar (RA) say, 'I think that this is like this,' it would always be exactly as he thought.
    However, we were once sitting together when a handsome man passed by and Hadhrat Umar (RA) said, 'Either my assumption has been wrong or this man is still on his religion of ignorance or he had been a fortune-teller. Bring that man to me.' When the man was brought, Hadhrat Umar (RA) told him what he had just mentioned. The man remarked, 'To this day have I never seen any Muslim man being confronted in this manner.' Hadhrat Umar (RA) then said to him, 'I command you to inform me (about yourself).'
    The man said, 'I had been a fortune-teller during the Period of Ignorance.' 'What was the strangest incident that you experienced with your Jinn?' The man related, 'I was in the marketplace one day when he came to me and I could see that he, was extremely scared. He recited the following couplets (which mean):
    Wave you not seen the Jinn and their bewilderment?
    Have you not seen their despondence after their retreat?
    And that they have now joined the ranks of young camels and their saddle blankets?(1)
    (1) These words explain how the Jinn who had been frequenting the heavens to hear the discussions of the angels were subsequently stopped when revelation started coming to Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam). Thev were now forced to remain on earth just like camels and other creatures.
    'He is speaking the truth,' Hadhrat Umar (RA) said, 'I was also sleeping near the idols of the Mushrikeen when someone brought a calf and slaughtered it. Just then, someone screamed so loudly that I had never before heard such a loud scream. The voice said, 'O Jaleeh! The matter is one of salvation and the man is an eloquent man saying, 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah’’ The people there sprang up in surprise, but I told them to remain where they were until I found out who was behind it. The voice then called out again, ‘O Jaleeh! The matter is one of salvation and the man is an eloquent man saying, ‘Laa ilaaha Illallaah’’ I then left and we did not have to wait long afterwards when it was said that this referred to Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam)
    The man mentioned in the narration above was Hadhrat Sawaad bin Qaarib (RA). [Bukhari]

    Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ka'b Qurazi reports that Hadhrat Umar (RA) was sitting somewhere one day when a man passed by. Someone asked, "O Ameerul Mu'mineen! Do you know who that passer-by is?" When Hadhrat Umar (RA) asked who he was, the people replied, "He is Sawaad bin Qaarib, the man who was informed about the coming of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) by the Jinn in his service."
    Hadhrat Umar (RA) sent for the man and (when he arrived) asked, "Are you Sawaad bin Qaarib?" When he replied in the affirmative, Hadhrat Umar (RA) asked, "Are you still practising fortune-telling?" Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) became angry and said, “O Ameerul Mu'mineen! No one has ever confronted me in this manner since the day I accepted Islaam." "Subhaanallah!" Hadhrat Umar (RA) exclaimed, “(There is no need to be offended because) The Shirk that we were all involved in was much worse than the fortune-telling that you had been practising. Tell me what the Jinn in your service told you about the coming of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam)”? Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) related, “Of course, Ameerul Mu'mineen. I was half asleep and half awake one night when my Jinn came and nudged me with his foot. 'Get up, O Sawaad bin Qaarib,' he said, 'Hear what I have to say and make sense of it if you can. Verily, a Nabi has been sent from amongst the progeny of Luway bin Ghaalib. He invites people towards Allaah and towards worshipping Allaah.' He then recited the following couplets (which mean):
    I am surprised at the Jinn and their search
    and their travelling on white camels with their carriages
    They descend on Makkah in search of guidance
    because a truthful Jinn cannot be compared to one who is a liar
    You must therefore go to the chosen one from the Banu Haashim
    Because the one in the lead cannot be compared to the one who lags behind'
    I however said to him, 'Leave me to sleep because I have been very sleepy all evening.' He then returned the following night and nudged me with his foot, saying, 'Get up, O Sawaad bin Qaarib,' he said, 'Hear what I have to say and make sense of it if you can. Verily, a Nabi has been sent from amongst the progeny of Luway bin Ghaalib. He invites people towards Allaah and towards worshipping Allaah.' He then recited the following couplets (which mean):
    I am surprised at the Jinn and their bewilderment
    and their travelling on white camels with their carriages
    They descend on Makkah in search of guidance
    because a Muslim Jinn cannot be compared to one who is a Kaafir
    You must therefore go to the chosen one from the Banu Haashim
    Who resides amongst the hills and rocks of Makkah
    Again I said to him, 'Leave me to sleep because I have been very sleepy all evening.' He returned again on the third night and nudged me with his foot, saying, 'Get up, O Sawaad bin Qaarib,' he said, 'Hear what 1 have to say and make sense of it if you can. Verily, a Nabi has been sent from amongst the progeny of Luway bin Ghaalib. He invites people towards Allaah and towards worshipping Allaah.' He then recited the following couplets (which mean):
    I am surprised at the Jinn and their searching
    and their travelling on white camels with their saddle blankets
    They descend on Makkah in search of guidance
    because a pure Jinn cannot be compared to one who is impure
    You must therefore go to the chosen one from the Banu Haashim
    And look up at Makkah’s high peaks'
    I then got up and said, 'Allaah has certainly put my heart to test.' I then mounted the carriage on my camel and went to the great city of Makkah. There I found Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) with his companions and said to him, 'Would you hear what I have to say?' Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) bade me to come forward and speak. I then recited the following couplets (which mean):
    My confidante came to me after a part of the night had passed and I had some sleep
    Never has he lied to me in all my experiences with him
    For three nights he came, each night he said
    ‘A Nabi has come to you from Luway bin Ghaalib'
    I then rolled up the hem of my loincloth
    and my speedy full-cheeked camel carried me through dusty, level and distant plains
    I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah
    and that you are perfectly trustworthy to convey all unseen revelation
    Of all the Ambiyaa, you are the closest link to Allaah
    O son of honourable and pure people!
    O the best of all who walk! Command us with all that is revealed to you
    Even though some of it may whiten our forelocks
    Be an intercessor on my behalf on the day when no intercessor
    Apart from you will be of any help to Sawaad bin Qaarin'
    Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) and his companions became so happy with my words that the joy was evident on their faces."
    Hadhrat Umar (RA) jumped up and hugged Hadhrat Sawaad (RA), saying, "I had always wished to hear the story from you. Does your Jinn still come to you?"
    Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) replied, "He does not come ever since I have been reciting the Qur'aan, but the Qur'aan is a most excellent replacement for him."
    Hadhrat Umar (RA) then himself recounted an incident, saying, 'We were once with a family of the Quraysh called the family Dharee, who had just slaughtered a calf. The butcher was still preparing the meat when we heard a voice from the calfs belly calling, 'O family of Dharee! The matter is one of salvation. A man is calling out in an eloquent tongue, testifying that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah."'(2)
    (2) Abu Ya'la Kharaa'iti has reported a similar narration in his Hawatiful Jinn

    A narration from Hadhrat Baraa (RA) states that Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) was staying in India when the jinn came to him that night. The rest of the narration is like the one above, but adds that after Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) recited the above couplets to Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam), Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) smiled so widely that his blessed teeth showed. Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) then said, "You are successful, O Sawaad!" (3)
    (3) Ibn Asaakir, as quoted in Al-Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vo1.2 Pg.332).

    Yet another narration from Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ka'b Qurazi (RA) similar to the one he narrated above states that (after the Jinn advised him) Hadhrat Sawaad (RA) said, "The love of Islaam then penetrated my heart and I was drawn to it. The next morning, I fastened the carriage to my camel and left for Makkah. I was still on the road when I received the news that Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) had already migrated to Madinah. I therefore arrived in Madinah and when I asked for Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam), I was informed that he was in the Masjid. I then went to the Masjid and, after tying my camel up, I entered. There I found Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) sitting with many people around him. ‘Would you hear what I have to say, O Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam)’? I asked. Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) then bade me to come closer and I kept going closer until I was right in front of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam). 'Come,' Rasulullaah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) said, 'and inform me about how the Jinn in your control came to you.'” (4)
    (4) Haakim (Vo1. 3, Pg. 608). Tabraani has reported a similar narration, as quoted in Majma'uz Zawaa’id (Vol.8 Pg.248). The narration is also reported by Hasan bin Sufyaan, Bayhaqi, Bukhaari in his Taareekh, Baghawi, Tabraani, Bayhaqi, Ibn Abi Khaythama, Rooyaani and Ibn Shaaheen, as stated in lsaabah (Vo1.2 Pg.96)

  4. #4
    Senior Member bihari's Avatar
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    Default Re: Indian born Sahaba

    I think this may help.


    Legend of king abdicating his throne to embrace a different faith is a glorious chapter in any history. There are a number of regional and tribal variations on the tradition of Cheraman Perumal, his conversion to Islam and pilgrimage to Mecca. The most accepted and popular version is as follows.

    Cheraman Perumal, the reigning king of Kerala, with Kodungallur as its capital, once experienced an unusual dream of the new moon being split into two halves at the horizon. His Court astrologers could not give him a satisfactory explanation. Later when a group of Arab traders on their way to Ceylon met the Perumal, he mentioned about his dream. They explained that this could probably be the miracle Prophet performed at Arabia (Holy Qu'ran-54:1-5).

    This explanation convinced him and he decided to embrace Islam. His decision to leave for Mecca was kept a secret. He divided his land and assigned various territories to local chieftains to ensure smooth governance. He then left for Mecca, met the prophet and embraced Islam. He spent some years there and while returning home, fell ill and died at Dhufar in Oman. Before his death, he wrote letters to local rulers of Malabar and handed them to his friends. Later, when Malik Bin Dinar and his companions reached Kodungallur, the letters were handed over to the ruling chieftains. They were given permission to construct mosques in different places. The first mosque in India was thus constructed at Kodungallur and Malik Bin Dinar himself was the first Ghazi of this "Cheraman Mosque". After a while he appointed his relative Habib Bin Malik as the Ghazi at Cheraman Mosque and traveled across the length and breadth of Kerala. He established different Mosques in different parts of Kerala. Later, he left for Arabia where he died. It is believed that the old tombs now at Cheraman Mosque belong to Habib Bin Malik and his wife Khumarriah.


    Musris as it was called in ancient days; Kodungallur is only an appendix in history was the cradle of Kerala culture centuries ago. Datingbacktoeven400BCitasavibrant emporium of trade with East and West. Pliny the Elder, called her "Primum Emporium Indiae" - the most important Indian port. Phoenicians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Persian and Chinese were here in Musiris. Muchiripatta-nam, referred to in Valmiki Ramayana is a pointer to its antiquity.

    Augustus Caesar had built a temple and protected it by two cohorts at Kodungallur to protect his trade interests, St. Thomas landed here in AD52 and Jews fleeing Jerusalem in AD 69 from the pogrom by Caesar Titus found a haven at Kodungallur. For more than 3000 years, Kerala had a flourishing maritime trade. The merchants from all over the then known world flocked in attracted by the spices, condiments, jewels and various flora and fauna of this ancient land. Even before 800 BC navigators of China and Arabia knew the nature and the trade potential of the monsoon winds. Indian maritime traders were using the monsoon winds to reach Babylon as early as 700 BC.

    Teakwood from Kerala has been identified in the MoonAttur temple of Mesopotamia and in the 6th century BC Palaces of Nebuchadnezzar. There are details about the spices of Kerala in the Holy books of Jews. Etymologists have noticed interesting phonetic similarities in mercantile nomenclature of ancient Tamil, Greek and Arabic words. The Malayalam words like 'Karpooram' and "Inji" became "Carpion and Ginger". The Tamil word "Arisi" metamorphosed to rice (English) through Orisi (Greek). William Logan has identified Keralite colonies in Arabia and in the Island of Secrota in the Gulf of Aden. Some historians like Strobow, found close similarities in the social customs of Nairs of Kerala and some tribes of Arabia. It was around 900 BC Queen Sheba presented the spices of Kerala to King Solomon.

    Total absence of reliable historical records make early history of Kerala a bundle of legends. The intense dynastic struggle that existed then, culminated in the election of a ruler called Perumals. The political scene in Kerala is clearer after the abdication of the last of the Perumals, Cheraman Perumal. The European period (1498-1947) begins with the landing of Vasco de Gama at Kappad near Kozhicode in 1498. HyderAli's invasion of Malabar in 1766 had tremendous influence in the socio-political scence of Kerala. The reign of Tipu was the beginning of the long and torturous road to the empowerment of the common man. The fall of Mysore in 1792 placed India into the colonial hands and the Kerala society into yet another period of social and economic "Dark Age" forcing Swami Vivekanada, a century later, to utter his famous observation on Kerala as "a lunatic asylum ".The upper caste atrocities with the connivance of the British were so suffocating that there were about 300 anti-British peasant rebellions between the fall of Tipu (1793) and the Malabar Rebellion (1921).

    Malabar rebellion of 1921 had great impact in Kerala Islamic history especially that of Kodungallur muslims. The Ulemas of Malabar found a perfect haven at Kodungallur to escape police atrocities during the rebellion. The receptive minds of the affluent Muslims of Kodungallur amalgamated with the progressive and intellectual brains of the Ulema created a chain of events resulting in the formation of an organization called "Muslim Aikya sagham" in 1923 at Eriyad, Kodungallur. Aikya Sangham and its ideologies were well accepted by the community. Thus under the aegis of Aikya Sangham a total of 1497 schools were started in Muslim dominant areas of Cochin and Malabar.They reformed Madrasa syllabus and modernized Madrasas with benches, desks, black boards. They supplied books, slates and pencils and other study materials free to all students.Mid-day meal at a regular basis was started and all these were open to students of all castes and creed. They encouraged the Muslim community to accept government scholarships and established scholarships of their own. Female literacy was promoted with great emphasis. They were instrumental in establishing a system where Arabic Munshis (teachers) were to be appointed by the government in Muslim dominant areas. The result had far reaching effects. By the time the nation became independent the general literacy of Muslims of Kodungallur was almost at par with that of general population and Muslim female literacy was far ahead of the national Muslim average. It is interesting to note that the village of Eriyad, Kodungallur from where Aikya Sangam originated, has the largest number of Muslim lady doctors now. It is also to be noted that when only a few affluent families were literate in Muslim Community, the general and secular literacy has percolated to the grass root level at Kodungallur even at the beginning of the 20th century. To this great achievement the community is indebted to the vision, courage, and commitment of leaders like, Kottapurath Seethi Mohammed Sahib , Manapat Kunhumohamed Haji,Janab Seethi Sahib and other leaders of Aikya Sangham.Janab Mohamed Abdurahman Sahib was a great leader of Freedom movement and Janab K.M. Ibrahim Sahib son of Seethi Mohamed Sahib and younger brother of Seethi Sahib was a great parliamentarian. Dr P.K.Abdul Gafoor, the founder President of M.E.S is also from Kodungallur.


    The Oral tradition is that Cheraman Perumal, when he was convinced of his imminent death, wrote letters to his relatives in Kerala among whom he had partitioned his kingdom before leaving for Mecca. These letters were handed over to his companions. After a while, when Malik Dinar came to Kerala, he brought the letters written by Perumal. In his letter he had asked his relatives "to receive the bearers of the letter and to treat them well". The rulers of Kerala honoured the letter and permitted Malik Ibn Dinar and his fellow Arab Muslim traders to establish mosques at different places of Kerala. This mosque at Kodungallur is the first to be established. Kerala Vyasan Kunhukuttan Thampuran is of the opinion that an old Buddha vihar was handed over to the Muslims to establish a mosque there.

    It is believed that the mosque was first renovated or reconstructed sometime in the 11th Century AD and again 300 years ago. The last renovation was done in 1974 when, as a result of increase in the population of the believers, an extension was constructed demolishing the front part of the mosque. The older part of the mosque including the sanctum sanctorum was left untouched and is still preserved. Another extension was made in 1994 to accommodate the ever increasing number of believers. When yet another extension to the mosque was needed in 2001 it was decided to reconstruct this in the model of the old mosque.

    It is a matter of great pride that devotees and substantial number of pilgrims are from non-Muslim communities. The mahallu committees have encouraged this and the secular credentials of the mosque are dearly safe guarded. We often witness offerings of Iftar during the fasting month of Ramzan are being made by the non-Muslim communities. Many non-Muslim devotees are conducting "Vidhyarambham of their children at the mosque.

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