anybody know what this says?
Can you read urdu? The document is in urdu.
Author basically says, a same sin become worst when it gives greater loss to some body. For example, you steal 100 dollars from some millionaire, then you did a sin, but when you steal same 100 dollar from a very poor person, then your sin of stealing became much worst now.
Similarly, when you steal/deprive someone of his property unlawlyfully, then it is a sin, but if you dprive some orphan of his property, then your sin has become worst.
Author gives us example, suppose if someone does adultry, then it is a sin, but if someone does adultry with his neighbor, then his sin has become worst, and if he does adultry in a mosque, then his sin became even more worst and if he does adultry with his sister/mother/daughter, then his same sin became doubled, tripled worst and severe.
I hope, it is clarified now.
Please also read in exact word to word english of what Author says
53)That is, "We are not narrow-minded and prejudiced that We should take Our servants to task for each and every trivial offense. But if you commit wicked and heinous sins, then you shall have to render an account of the trivial offenses as well. "
Here it will be worthwhile to understand the basic differences between the "heinous sins" and the "trivial offenses". As far as I have understood from a critical study of the Qur'an and the Sunnah (and the correct and right knowledge is only with Allah), I have .come to the conclusion that the following three things make a sin heinous:
(1) The violation of the rights of Allah, or of parents, or of other human beings, or one's own rights. The wickedness of the sin increases in proportion to the sanctity of the right that is violated. That is why the Qur'an calls a sin Zulm (iniquity) and declares shirk to be a gross iniquity.
(2) A sin becomes heinous, if it is committed to defy the Divine Laws. This is because the offender deliberately, boldly and shamelessly discards the Commandments and Prohibitions of Allah and intentionally does that which He prohibits, merely for the sake of disobedience, and impudently does not do that which He has commanded. The gravity of this sin increases in proportion to the impudence that is shown towards Allah in disobeying and discarding His Law. That is why the Qur'an calls sin fisq (disobedience) and ma` siyat (arrogance).
(3) The violation of those relations and the cutting off of those connections on the unification and integrity of which depends the peace of human life, makes a sin heinous whether these relations are between man and Allah or between man and man. The gravity of the sin of violation or the cutting off of a connection increases in proportion to the importance of the relation, and to the security contained in it. For instance, fornication in its different forms is in itself a heinous sin, for it corrupts human society. But in some forms it becomes far more heinous than in others. The sin of adultery committed by a married man is far more heinous than that committed by an unmarried man. Likewise, adultery with a married woman is a far greater sin than fornication with an unmarried woman. In the same way, sexual intercourse with the womenfolk of a neighbour is far more heinous than with others and incest with mother, sister or daughter become the most heinous sin conceivable because of the security and sanctity the relation provides. For the same reason the sin committed in the mosque is far more wicked than elsewhere. In the above instances, the difference in the gravity of the same sin is due to the difference in the nature of the sanctity of the relations and the security contained in them. This is why, sin is also called fujur (violation of relations).
jazakallah, I don't read urdu so I needed translation.
I heard/read that sins of sexual nature may be less severe than other sins because we have that instinct built into us, whereas riba, etc is a sin that you don't have any innate nature to do, was this addressed here?
Also, what is the order of importance of rights in terms of Allah, parents, kin, etc?
Let me give one more example, suppose you abuse some person, then it is a sin, but if you abuse your elders, it is a greater sin, but if you abuse your parents, then it is even more greater sin.
Also, adultry is among the major sins, we must avoid it, if we know what the great punishment we will get, we will happily agree to be stoned to death in this world for the punishment of this sin rather than going into hell because of it.
You are exactly right about the order of importance of rights, first is Allah (swt), then our Prophet (sws), then our parents and then our kins and neighbors and this list keeps going on and it ends on animals and plants etc.
Our Prophet (sws) is also our Spiritual Father and His wives are our Spiritual Mothers, therefore they come before our actual parents.
And just imagine, Adam (as) is our actual father. You know, when Prophet (sws) went to 1st sky during Miraj, he (sws) saw Adam (as). On his left hand, there were people and on his right hand there were also people. The people at left side were to go in Hell and people at right were to go in Paradise. Since, Adam (as) is father of all human beings, so when he (as) see his children on left side, he would start crying and when he (as) see his children on right side, he would start smiling. What a loving father Adam (as) is for all of us!
i don't understand completely:
I read that Allah's rights are more important, and that if you give Allah His rights, everything else will probably follow.
But, why are Allah's rights more important than people's rights? Allah can forgive His rights being violated, but people might not, They will take your good deeds on the Qiyama if you did not give them rights. Even it may be worse to violate a non-Muslims rights than a Muslim's! The non-Muslim will have no good deeds on Qiyama, so they will more definitely take your good deeds, whereas a Muslim might forgive you...
any explanation for this?
also, i asked a shaykh once about what if a person violated people's rights, and then he changed his life became more pious and died on that, they shaykh said that some scholars speculated that Allah SWT would "convince" the people to forgive the violations with a little gifts here and there, so that the person changed person could keep his good deeds, Allahu al'alim, anyone heard this?
Yes, people will not forgive you, because people's heart are small and also people are helpless, when you are helpless will you help others, no, definitely not, so in Day of Judgment, everyone will be thinking about himself, because everyone will be in dire need of good things, so father will not help son and son will not help father.
But this is also true, Allah (swt) can forgive you people's right too, but He (swt) will first compensate those people whom you have been doing injustice with, then He (swt) will forgive you. So, you should always, always asking Allah (swt)'s help in this world and in next world.
Also we should help ourselves not to put more and more burden upon our shoulders by doing injustice with others.
Last thing, only Allah (swt) can forgive our sins and no one else can forgive our sins. Also, pray for yourself and ask others to pray for you too and pray for others too. And when you pray, you don't have to do anything but you get so many things freely. MashAllah. Ameen.
Especially pray for all Muslim Ummah. May Allah (swt) unite them. Ameen