At the end of the Book of Campaigns (Kitab al-Siyar
) from I‘la al-Sunan
, Mawlana Zafar Ahmad al-‘Uthmani (1310-1394 H/1892-1974 CE) writes: “Its compilation was [done] under the supervision of the prodigy of this age, the knower of Allah, the sage of the Muhammadan nation, the reviver of the Islamic religion, my master, Shaykh Mawlana Muhammad Ashraf ‘Ali al-Thanawi (1280-1362 H/1863-1943 CE), Allah extend his stay amongst us and give us the good fortune of his sacred breaths for a long time. All praise to Allah by Whose glory and magnificence, good deeds are accomplished. Our final call is that all praise belongs to Allah Lord of the Worlds.” After this comes a section under the title, “An Addendum to the Book of Campaigns: Refutation of Composite Nationalism,” in which he addresses a particular political ideology popular at that time in India which has correlations with modernist tendencies amongst many Muslims today. I therefore, felt, it was fitting to translate this 25-page refutation. The date given at the end of the addendum for the completion of this refutation is Dhu al-Qa‘dah 1357 H (January 1939 CE).