This is a half-quote and it is not indicative of Shaykh Uthaymeen's actual position, which is not in favor of taqlid of a single mad'hab for the layman. Rather, he is in favor of the layman asking any Mufti, regardless of the school of thought of the Mufti.
Originally Posted by al-Usool min Ilmil Usool
And even if we do so sincerely, differentiating between any of the mujtahid's view requires huge knowledge that laymen (like us, even though we are not simple farmers) are incapable to do.
So practically you have to follow a specific shaykh's teachings and stick to it, be it Imam Malik, Imam Shafi'i or Ibn Baz (rahimahumullah), and even though you may not agree you will in reality be following a "madh'hab", be it the "madh-hab" of of Ibn Baz, or the "Madh-hab" of Al-Shafi'i. We prefer the 4 imams' madhahib for obvious reasons.
Obviously nowhere in the qur'an & sunnah does the names of the madhahib appear, it's not fardh as would be an injunction of the shari'ah, but it's indirectly fardh. It's also simple & plain logic.
If you agree with the above then it's simply a war of words which makes no difference on the ground except deviating the unlearned ones from the right attitude to adopt.
Do we advise people to differentiate between different medical treatments and choose the closest one to the scientific proofs ? Even doctors find it hard to draw conclusions from a medical article although they studied 10+ years. What about asking patients then? they conduct themselves the study maybe?
But our youth is so full of talent.
1) Why are you putting words in my mouth (or thoughts in my head)? No, I don't know that. You realize that I can go to different Darul Iftaa sites and find easier fatwas, right? It's quite simple to do that. Mufti Ahmed Sadek Desai is very strict, Mufti Ebrahim Desai is less strict, and Muhammad ibn Adam is much less strict. Following a school doesn't chain anyone's desires and doesn't block any means, realistically speaking.
2) Nowhere did I say that the layman has to differentiate between the fatwa of Mufti X or Mufti Y based on evidence, and neither did Shaykh Uthaymeen. At most, the layman has to choose the Mufti who he thinks is most knowledgeable and pious, and this is as close as a layman should get to ijtihad.
3) What was said is that a layman should ask any Mufti for a fatwa and then act on that fatwa regardless of what school he (the Mufti) is from. There is no proof that the Mufti is required to give evidence to the layman who asks for it, and frankly I don't see what the point is, since the fatwa of the Mufti is evidence for the layman.
4) Shaikh Bin Baaz did not have his own mad'hab, he was a Hanbali who made tarjeeh within the mad'hab and sometimes left it, as attested to by numerous students of his. The Hanbali mad'hab is like that. The popular fiqh books like al-Iqna' are different from early books but they are still mad'hab books.
I've spent a few months with a Salafi sister and alot of what we believe about them is mostly lies and sectarian propoganda.
In terms of madhabs what they believe is that one has to study a madhab and go through the various stages of studying one school of thought .
Then study other opinions of the various madhaahib and the opinions of the perished madhaahib.
then they believe a student has the right after studying this that he or she follows that which according to his or hers long study and his or hers itjihaad can follow that in which he feels the truth lies without saying that the other opinions in ahlul sunnah are baatil.
this brings us to a issues where ahlul sunnah or the 4 imams have ijmaa^ and how do they reconcile this with ibn taymiyah rh opinions.
After a some years of researching what they believe theyre opinions are not exactly based on Ibn Taymiyah much to my suprise, whilst they quote him a lot they use much of his understanding rather than the question would be where did Ibn taymiyah get these Fiqhi issues from.
As a prominant American preacher said we cannot say that the opinions they (Salafis) hold are Baatil because other greater scholar from early have held such opinions.
refering to positions of the hands in salah and other issues.
Secondly they are completly against the manner of studying of the Ahle Hadeeth movement in fact they are considered a fringe, in fact many would expect a Pakistani Salafi to be deeply grounded in the Hanafi madhab yet what see that many of the Sub-continant Salafis have no idea of how their own Ulema studied and how other Salafis around the world study yet they oppose madhabs. they do not agree with pick and choosing they are against that 100% without exception
Lastly the Lay Salafi needs no introduction so asking them questions is useless, i spend a few months with a Egyptian hanafi Salafi, Amazing akhlaaq and she tells me how can i dishonour the great imam the taabiee imam al Fiqh Abu Hanfeeh .
This sister has recpect for Deobandis she has respect for Ashaa'ira, she says i do not agree with their aqeedah but that does not mean i am going to call them ahlul bidah. She reminds of the Maliki Salafis of Mauritania .
So why do we persume Salafiya to be some Laa madhab slogan just because a small group in the sub continant sees itself that way, venture out see the world its not always black and white.
They study the same fiqh manuals as us the same hadeeth books as us the same Arabic language overall we agree on Aqeedah other than some issue in Asmaa was sifaat,
This issue has been blown out of proportion
4-My quote of Ibn Baz () was just an example, like many people say "we should not stick to one madhhab only" whereas they in fact stick to the "madhhab" of famous salafi scholars. I mean what's the difference then?
3-Ok but what prevents normal people from switching muftis according to their convenience.
2-You didn't say it but that's what most people do reading such fatwas. Examples are abundant on salafi forums you know.
1-I don't see one stricter than the other. Following a school makes things less dangerous for people for the above mentioned reasons realistically speaking.
I simply don't see what's the problem in doing taqleed of a madhhab. People should follow any respectable shaykh, be he "salafi" or of the 4 madhahib but then majority of people should not be encouraged to switch.
In his fatawa under the chapter of knowledge, he mentions you are supposed to stick to 1 scholar:
فأقول : ملازمة عالم واحد مهمة جداً ما دام الطالب في أول الطريق لكي لا يتذبذب , ولهذا كان مشائخنا ينهوننا عن مطالعة المغني وشرح المهذب والكتب التي فيها أقوال متعددة عندما كنا في زمن الطلبة , وذكر لنا بعض مشائخنا أن الشيخ عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن بابطين ـ رحمه الله ـ وهو من كبار مشائخ نجد ذكروا أنه كان مكبَّاً على الروض المربع لا يطالع إلا إياه ويكرره , كل ما خلص منه كرره لكن يأخذه بالمفهوم والمنطوق والإشارة والعبارة فحصل خير كثير
He states in the above quote that on of the greatest scholar of Najd, ONLY used to read the Hanbali book al-rawd!
He clearly states that the student of knowledge is supposed to study with 1 specific scholar:
أما إن توسعت مدارك الإنسان فهذا ينبغي له أن ينظر أقوال العلماء يستفيد منها فائدة علمية وفائدة تطبيقية , لكن في أول الطلب أنا أنصح الطالب أن يركز على شيخ معين لا يتعداه
In his fatwa he clearly states that problems arise if the students starts comparing fatawa:
جيد كون الإنسان يركز على شيخ من المشائخ يجعله هو الأصل لا سيما المبتدئ الصغير , المبتدئ الصغير إذا طلب العلم على عدة أناس تذبذب , لأن الناس ليسوا على رأي واحد خصوصاً في عصرنا الآن , كان فيما سبق أي قبل مدة كان الناس هنا في المملكة لا يخرجون أبداً عن الإقناع والمنتهى ؛ فتجد فتاواهم واحدة , وشروحهم واحدة , لا يختلف واحد عن آخر إلا في الإلقاء وحسن الأسلوب , لكن الآن لما كان كل واحد حافظاً حديثاً أو حديثين قال : أنا الإمام المقتدى به والإمام أحمد رجل ونحن رجال , فصارت المسألة فوضى , صار الإنسان يفتي , أحياناً تأتي الفتوى تبكي وتضحك وكنت أهمَّ أن أدوَّن مثل هذه الفتاوى لكن كنت أخشى أن أكون ممن تتبع عورات إخوانه فتركته تحاشيناً مني إلا نقلنا أشياء بعيدة عن الصواب بُعد الثريا عن الثرى
So here, we see Uthaymeen highlighting the dangers and problems if you take from different scholars!
And if he were to ask for a gentle lady in marriage, he would be refused, and when he leaves the world it does not miss him, and if he goes out, his going out is not noticed, and if he falls sick, he is not attended to, and if he dies, he is not accompanied to his grave.