SECTION THREE: THE CREED OF IMAAM ABOO HANEEFAH (D.150H)
[A]: THE STATEMENT OF IMAAM ABOO HANEEFAH IN REGARDS TO TAWHEED:
Firstly, his belief concerning the Tawheed of Allaah and an explanation of the Sharee'ah legislated Tawassul, and a complete destruction of the Innovated T awassul:
1. Imaam Aboo Haneefah said, [b]"It is not befitting for anyone to call upon Him, except by Him, 35 /b] and with the supplication that He has permitted and ordered, that which is instructed in His statement:
"And Allaah has Beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them, and leave the company of those who deviate concerning His Names. They will be recompensed for what they used to do."
2. Aboo Haneefah said, ‘It is detested for the supplicator to say,, `I ask You by the right of so and so,' or,`By the right of Your Prophets and Messengers, and by the right of the Sacred House and the Sacred
3. And Aboo Haneefah said, `It is not befitting for anyone to call upon Allaah, except by Him, and it is even more detestable for him to say: By the junctures of Honour from your Throne 38, or `By the Right of Your
35 The Prophet (saw) said, "Whoever swears by other than Allaah, then he has indeed disbelieved and committed Shirk." Related by Aboo Daawood (3/570), at Tirmidhee (3/253), who said: "A Hasan Hadeeth." It was authenticated by Imaam ash-Shawkaanee in NayluLAwtaar (8/257) and by al -Albaanee in Irwaa'ul-Ghaleel (no. 2561). And he (saw) said about the statement: 'What Allaah wills and what you will.' "Do you make me one to be called upon along with Allaah? Say: What Allaah alone wills." Related by
al-Bukhaaree in al-Adabul-Mufrad (no. 783), and by Ahmad (1/214), and an-Nisaa'ee in al,'Amalul -Yawm wa l-laylah (no. 995),
and Ibn Maajah (no. 2117). It was authenticated by al-Arna'oot in Takhreejul -Musnad Abee Bakr (p. 55), and by al-Albaanee in
as-Saheehah (no. 139).
36 ad-Durrul-Mukhtaar ma'a Haashiyah Raddul-Muhtaar (6/396- 397).
37 Sharhul-'Aqeedatut-Tahaawiyyah (p.234) and Ithaafus-Saadaatul Mustaqeem (2/285) and Sharhul Fiqhil-Akbar (p. 198) of
38 It was hated by Imaam Aboo Haneefah and Muhammad Ibnul-Hasan that a man say in his supplication, "O Allaah, verily I ask
you by a juncture of Honour from Your Throne,' despite the absence of a text to permit it. As for Aboo Yoosuf, then indeed he
permitted it due to a text from the Sunnah, wherein it was reported that the Prophet (saw) said in his supplication, 'O Allaah, verily
I ask you by the junctures of Honour from Your Throne, and by the utmost degree of mercy from your Book.' And this hadeeth is
related by al-Bayhaqee (9/382) in the `Book of Supplications,' and Nasbur -Raayah (4/2.82). Three reproachable affairs are found
in the isnaad: [i] Daawood Ibn Abee 'Aasim did not hear from Ibn Mas'ood; [ii] 'Abdul-Malik Ibn Jareeh is a mudallis and he
possesses irsaal; [iii] 'Umar lbn Haarood was accused of lying. Due to that, Ibnul-Jawzee, as is found in al-Binaayah (9/382), said,
"This hadeeth is fabricated without a doubt, and its isnaad is futile." Refer to Tahdheebut -Tahdheeb (3/189), (6/405), and (7/501).
39 al-Fiqhu-Absat (p. 56)
their book is: